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Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets


ISSN (Print): 1871-5303
ISSN (Online): 2212-3873

Research Article

Potential Impact of MicroRNA-423 Gene Variability in Coronary Artery Disease

Author(s): Chandan K. Jha, Rashid Mir *, Imadeldin Elfaki, Naina Khullar, Suriya Rehman, Jamsheed Javid, Shaheena Banu and Sukh Mohinder Singh Chahal

Volume 19, Issue 1, 2019

Page: [67 - 74] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/1871530318666181005095724


Aim: Studies have evaluated the association of miRNA-423 C>A genotyping with the susceptibility to various diseases such cancers, atherosclerosis and inflammatory bowel disease but the results were contradictory. However, no studies have reported the association between miRNA-423 rs6505162 C>A polymorphism and susceptibility of coronary artery disease. MicroRNAs regulate expression of multiple genes involved in atherogenesis. Therefore, we investigated the association of microRNA-423C>T gene variations with susceptibility to coronary artery disease.

Methodology: This study was conducted on 100 coronary artery disease patients and 117 matched healthy controls. The genotyping of the microRNA-423 rs6505162C>A was performed by using Amplification refractory mutation system PCR method (ARMS-PCR).

Results: A significant difference was observed in the genotype distribution among the coronary artery disease cases and sex-matched healthy controls (P=0.048). The frequencies of all three genotypes CC, CA, AA reported in the patient’s samples were 55%, 41% and 4% and in the healthy controls samples were 55%, 41% and 4% respectively. Our findings showed that the microRNA-423 C>A variant was associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease in codominant model (OR = 1.96, 95 % CI, 1.12-3.42; RR 1.35(1.05-1.75, p=0.017) of microRNA-423CA genotype and significant association in dominant model (OR 1.97, 95% CI (1.14-3.39), (CA+AA vs CC) and non-significant association for recessive model (OR=1.42, 95%CI=0.42-4.83, P=0.56, AA vs CC+CA).While, the A allele significantly increased the risk of coronary artery disease (OR =1.56, 95 % CI, 1.03-2.37; p=0.035) compared to C allele. Therefore, it was observed that more than 1.96, 1.97 and 1.56 fold increased risk of developing coronary artery disease.

Conclusion: Our findings indicated that microRNA-423 CA genotype and A allele are associated with an increased susceptibility to Coronary artery disease.

Keywords: MicroRNA-423, coronary artery disease (CAD), congenital heart disease (CHD), cerebrovascular disease, Amplification refractory mutation system PCR method (ARMS-PCR), polymorphism, genotype.

Graphical Abstract
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