Nanomedicine aims to control, repair, or comprehensively improve all
human biological systems, working from a molecular level with engineering devices
and nanostructures to achieve medical benefits. This science has had a greater
development in recent years, thanks to the great technological advances achieved in
developed countries, which is due to the large investment that is made due to the
promising incursion of nanotechnology in the diagnosis and treatment of various
diseases. This chapter covers this topic from a technical point of view that involves the
synthesis of materials and the development of techniques with their respective
biomedical application. In addition, the ethical issues related to its application and the
actions that have been taken to regulate it are detailed.
Keywords: Applications, Biocompatibility, Biomedical devices, Characterization techniques, Composites, Diagnosis, Disinfection, Drug delivery, Implants, Nanomedicine, Nanoparticles, Nanotechnology, Polymers, Regenerative medicine, Regulations, Synthesis, Technology, Therapy, Toxicity, Treatments.