Silicon Based Thin Film Solar Cells

Morphological and Structural Properties

Author(s): Angelica M. Chiodoni and Elena Tresso

Pp: 146-176 (31)

DOI: 10.2174/9781608055180113010010


The chapter is devoted to the surface and structural characterisations of the materials used in photovoltaic applications for the determination of the topographic/morphological and structural properties.

In the first part of the chapter Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD) are illustrated, with particular emphasis on the working principles. In the second part, some examples of application of these techniques to the silicon-based thin films solar cells are described. Recent and important experimental results obtained in these fields are examined and discussed, showing what kind of information they have provided.

Keywords: Atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), surfaces, interfaces, morphology, structural properties, amorphous thin films, amorphous metals, microcrystalline thin films, crystalline fraction, growth processes, crystallization processes, nanostructures, semiconductors, defects, roughness, texture, crystal size.

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