Smart Materials Design for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding Applications

Nanostructured Two-Dimensional (2D) Materials as Potential Candidates for EMI Shielding

Author(s): Ayushi Saini, Anil Ohlan, S. K. Dhawan and Kuldeep Singh *

Pp: 465-526 (62)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815036428122010014

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


For an effective EMI shielding, materials should have high electrical conductivity as EMI attenuation is a sum of relfection, absorption, and multiple relfections which requires the existence of mobile charge carriers (electrons or holes), electric and/or magnetic dipoles, usually provided by materials having high dielectric constants (ε) or magnetic permeability (μ) and the large surface area or interface area. Until now, a metal shroud was the material of choice as an EMI shield. However, metal fillers add additional weight and are susceptible to corrosion, making them less desirable. Therefore, we have focused on new emerging two-dimensional 2D nanomaterials that are light in weight and have a low cost. Here, the focus is to address the challenges in their synthesis especially transition metal carbides (MXenes), MoS2, functionalized graphene/ferromagnetic conducting polymer composites, and their fabrication for EMI reductions. These articles also evaluate and explain the recent progress explicitly and underline the complex interplay of its intrinsic properties of 2D nanostructured materials (MXene, MoS2, Graphene/ferromagnetic polymer composite) as a potential candidate for EMI shielding and evaluate their electromagnetic compatibility. The chapter will cover the facets related to a newly emerging area of EMI shields in the automotive industry, especially lithium-ion battery-operated electric vehicles and self-driving cars, high-speed wireless communication devices, and next-generation mobile phones with 4G and 5G technology.

Keywords: Dielectric measurements, Graphene, Graphene/ferromagnetic Polymer composites, Hydrothermal reactions, MXene, MoS2.

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