Obesity is one of the most critical health problems all over the world; it is associated with metabolic dysfunction and overnutrition. Changes in the physiological function of adipose tissue, leading to altered secretion of adipocytokines, inflammatory mediators release, and chronic low-grade inflammation, are seen in obesity. Macrophages, neutrophils, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, B cells, natural killer T (NKT) cells, eosinophils, mast cells, and adipocytes are involved in the inflammatory response that occurs during obesity. Various inflammatory markers are released from these cells. In this chapter, we will mention inflammatory mechanisms and markers of obesity.
Keywords: Adipocytes, Adiponectin, Apelin, Cardiotrophin-1, Ceramide, CfDNA, Fetuin-A, Galectin-3, GlycA, HIF-1α, Interleukin-1, Interleukin-6, Leptin, MCP-1, Omentin, TNF- α, TWEAK, Vaspin.