The ongoing research in nanotechnology has developed a number of different synthesis techniques of nanoparticles from a diverse range of materials such as metals, biological, metal oxides, ceramics, polymers, etc. Nanoparticles have a range of morphological, physical, chemical properties depending upon their synthesis and precursors that are important for their wide variety of applications such as biosensors, drug delivery, gene delivery, diagnostics and theragnostics. This study is intended to give a broader view of various synthesis methods available nowadays in the field of medicinal applications of nanoparticles. It also contains the advantages and shortfalls of the synthesis methods.
Keywords: Bio-templates assisted biogenesis, Chemical vapour deposition, Coprecipitation, Electrospraying, Flame spray pyrolysis, High Energy Ball Milling, Hydrothermal Technique, Inert Gas Condensation, Laser pyrolysis, Melt blending, Microemulsion, Microorganisms Assisted Biogenesis, Microwave Assisted Synthesis, Nanoparticles, Nanotechnology, Physical vapor deposition, Plant Extracts Assisted Biogenesis, Plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition, Polyol synthesis, Sol-gel method.