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Current Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X

General Review Article

Isoliquiritigenin (ISL) and its Formulations: Potential Antitumor Agents

Author(s): Ting-Ting Zhao, Yu-Qing Xu, Hui-Min Hu, Hai-Bin Gong* and Hai-Liang Zhu*

Volume 26, Issue 37, 2019

Page: [6786 - 6796] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/0929867325666181112091700

Price: $65


Isoliquiritigenin (2’,4’,4-trihydroxychalcone, ISL) is one of the most important chalcone compounds which is mainly derived from licorice root and many other plants. It exhibits a remarkable range of potent biological and pharmacological activities such as antioxidative, antitumor, antiaging, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic activities, etc. Numerous research teams have demonstrated that ISL posseses the ability to carry out antigrowth and proliferation in various cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Meanwhile, the underlying mechanisms of ISL that inhibit cancer cell proliferation have not been well explored. However, the poor bioavailability and low water-soluble limit its clinical application. This review aims at providing a comprehensive overview of the pharmacology antitumor activity of ISL and its mechanisms in different malignancy especially in breast cancer cell line and summarize developments of formulation utilized to overcome the barrier between its delivery characteristics and application in clinics over the past 20 years.

Keywords: Isoliquiritigenin, antitumor, breast cancer, mechanisms, signaling pathway, formulation.

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