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Applied Drug Research, Clinical Trials and Regulatory Affairs


ISSN (Print): 2667-3371
ISSN (Online): 2667-338X

Review Article

A Comparative Study on Approval of Follow-on Version of Sevelamer Carbonate and Glatiramer Acetate (GA) in US, EU

Author(s): Nisha Sankhwar* and Vikesh Kumar Shukla

Volume 10, 2023

Published on: 08 May, 2023

Article ID: e280423216310 Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/2667337109666230428094012

Price: $65


Many non-biological drugs, different in terms of their structure and mode of action, pharmacological classification, and therapeutic indication, have a common factor of structural complexity and are grouped as non-biological complex drugs (NBCDs). When an innovator drug nears the time of off-patent, different manufacturers attempt to produce its subsequent version, so the patients will have a cost-effective therapeutic equivalent. Since the innovator molecule is complex, its follow-on drug can be called its true generic version, if its bioavailability, bioequivalence and therapeutic equivalence to the innovator drug are demonstrated. However, it is observed that a case-to-case basis approach is implemented by European Medicines Agency (EMA) and Food and Drug Administration, US (USFDA) in the approval of such drugs and there is no uniformity observed between the two.

In this study, an attempt is made to study the complexity of molecules compare and understand the data requirements, and procedures adopted for the review and approval of such complex products. Therefore, drug sevelamer carbonate and glatiramer acetate are selected for the study. A methodical approach was followed. European assessment reports and drug approvals available in the orange book database of the former two regulatory agencies were studied. It is observed that the generic version of glatiramer acetate is approved as an abbreviated new drug application (ANDA) by Food and Drug Administration whereas the same was approved as the hybrid application by European Medicines Agency requiring the applicant to generate and submit more data. Thus, harmonization of the regulatory requirements for the approval of follow-on versions of such complex drugs is essential for better understanding, predictability of the regulatory process, and acceleration of the drug approval process, in the interest of patients. This will help the faster access of the drugs to the patients and allow interchangeability of the innovator drugs with its cost-effective generic version.

Keywords: Sevelamer carbonate, glatiramer acetate, follow-on version, non-biological complex drugs, innovator, patients.

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