Background: Early in December 2019, Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, had an epidemic of the Coronavirus illness 2019 (COVID-19), which was brought on by a brand-new severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The epidemic was deemed a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the World Health Organization on January 30, 2020. Many governments have implemented a range of control measures as a result of perceived illness risk.
Objectives: The pandemic revealed that COVID-19 affects a variety of organs in addition to the lungs, including the heart and brain, raising the risk of long-term health consequences. The illness can affect someone's health even after recovery in a variety of ways. The long-term effects of COVID-19 on locals are still being researched. The objective is to compile knowledge regarding the virus and the present Post pandemic complications in Long Haulers.
Methods: We reviewed the body of publicly available literature. To discover publications published between December 2019 and October 2020, we conducted a systematic search utilizing the keywords in online databases such as Pub Med, Scopus, Science Direct, Up to Date, and Web of Science. The review includes peer-reviewed original publications published that matched the qualifying requirements.
Results: Although the majority of patients recovered quickly after receiving COVID-19, the possibility of long-term issues induced by COVID-19 necessitates the search for and research of its late consequences. This article aims to provide a comprehensive assessment of COVID-19 late complications in order to determine how prevalent these symptoms are and who is most likely to be impacted.
Conclusion: There are a number of difficulties with the COVID-19 pandemic that has yet to be resolved. Review of the literature reported several long-lasting clinical problems that affect different phases of health, including chronic fatigue, reduced physical capacity, muscle weakness, increased depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and sleep problems. A complete turndown in quality of life has been observed even one year after major Coronavirus outbreaks.
The pandemic revealed that COVID-19 affects a variety of organs in addition to the lungs, including the heart and brain, raising the risk of long-term health consequences even after years making them to be “Long Haulers”.
The causal agent, pathogenesis, immunological responses, epidemiology, diagnosis, therapy, and management of the disease, as well as control and preventive efforts, are all included in this review of the literature.