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Current Green Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 2213-3461
ISSN (Online): 2213-347X

Mini-Review Article

Minireview on the Mechanism for the Production of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural from Biomass

Author(s): Yongjian Zeng, Zhiwei Jiang, Di Hu, Ruichao Guo and Kai Yan*

Volume 10, Issue 2, 2023

Published on: 12 May, 2023

Page: [109 - 117] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/2213346110666230228141023

Price: $65


The synthesis of fuels and fine chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass is the most widely envisioned approach toward the implementation of renewable feedstocks. Significant advances have been made in the selective conversion of biomass-derived platform chemicals. This minireview mainly elucidates the mechanism of biomass-derived 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) synthesis, including the dehydration of carbohydrates via acyclic and cyclic mechanisms as well as the Maillard reactions. It also highlights the fundamental aspects of reaction mechanisms, recent progress, and challenges.

Keywords: Lignocellulosic biomass, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, renewable feedstocks, maillard reactions, acyclic and cyclic mechanisms, biomass-derived platform chemicals.

Graphical Abstract
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