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Current Applied Polymer Science

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 2452-2716
ISSN (Online): 2452-2724

Review Article

Modified Asparaginase for Treatment of Cancer Historical Appraisal and Future Perspectives

Author(s): Luis Peña Icart*, Talita Stelling de Araújo, Marcius da Silva Almeida and Luís Maurício Trambaioli da Rocha e Lima*

Volume 6, Issue 1, 2023

Published on: 18 January, 2023

Page: [14 - 25] Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/2452271606666230104143806

Price: $65

Abstract

Asparaginase (ASNase) is widely used as an important component of first-line treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Although it is associated with a high rate of complete remission (~93%), challenges remain due to several side effects ranging from immune reactions to severe toxicity, largely associated with its higher immunogenicity and glutamine coactivity. Innovative products have therefore been devised to minimise these adverse reactions while increasing the enzymes’ pharmacokinetic properties, stability, and efficacy. This review focuses on commercially available formulations and others that remain in development, discussing the most recent strategies for preparing alternative formulations of the enzyme to be less immunogenic and have low glutaminase coactivity by using site-specific mutagenesis, PEGylation, and encapsulation techniques.

Keywords: Asparaginase, bioconjugation, mutation, PEGylated, encapsulated humanized, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).

Graphical Abstract
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