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Current Cancer Drug Targets


ISSN (Print): 1568-0096
ISSN (Online): 1873-5576

Research Article

Polyphyllin VII as a Potential Drug for Targeting Stemness in Hepatocellular Cancer via STAT3 Signaling

Author(s): Liuhang Xu, Ziqi Chen, Yangbin Wang, Yulin Li, Zhongyu Wang, Fangzhou Li* and Xueyan Xi*

Volume 23, Issue 4, 2023

Published on: 10 November, 2022

Page: [325 - 331] Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/1568009623666221024103834

Price: $65


Background: At present, the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is disturbed by the treatment failure and recurrence caused by the residual liver cancer stem cells (CSCs). Therefore, drugs targeting HCC CSCs should be able to effectively eliminate HCC and prevent its recurrence. In this study, we demonstrated the effect of Polyphyllin VII (PP7) on HCC CSCs and explored their potential mechanism.

Methods: HepG2 and Huh7 cells were used to analyze the antitumor activity of PP7 by quantifying cell growth and metastasis as well as to study the effect on stemness.

Results: Our results demonstrated that PP7 promoted apoptosis and significantly inhibited proliferation and migration of both HepG2 and Huh7 cells. PP7 also inhibited tumor spheroid formation and induced significant changes in the expression of stemness markers (CD133 and OCT-4). These effects of PP7 were mediated by STAT3 signaling.

Conclusion: PP7 can effectively suppress tumor initiation, growth, and metastasis and inhibit stemness through regulation of STAT3 signaling pathway in liver cancer cells. Our data would add more evidence to further clarify the therapeutic effect of PP7 against HCC.

Keywords: PP7, hepatocellular carcinoma, cancer stem cells, STAT3 signaling, CD133, OCT-4.

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