Background: Highly conjugated carbon-based molecules and nanostructures could show interesting quantum properties for different developments. Quantum emission, encryption, and participation in signal transmissions could contribute to new quantum and nanotechnology.
Methods: Quantum properties were analyzed from experimental data recorded with different optical setup configurations and appropriate lasers. The data discussed were correlated and compared with calculations.
Results: In this review, we discuss the quantum properties of graphene and its derivatives produced by their high electronic densities from highly organized carbon-based structures. We also evaluate their coupling properties by combining other nanomaterial sources with atomic compositions that generate different energy levels of quantized states. Quantum emissions, pseudoelectromagnetic field interactions, quantum interferences in Fermi and Landau levels, conduction bands, plasmonic interactions, opto-electronics, electron conductions, and transference implications are also analyzed.
Conclusion: The coupling of quantum properties formed from the sub-atomic level towards the transference and transduction to larger scales beyond the nano- and microscale was reviewed. We refer to the future perspectives of the phenomena discussed and their potential applications.
Keywords: Quantum coupling, graphene pseudo-electromagnetic fields, graphene plasmonics, quantum graphene emissions, hybrid graphene nanomaterials, graphene metamaterials.
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