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Current Nanomedicine


ISSN (Print): 2468-1873
ISSN (Online): 2468-1881

Research Article

Kinetic Evaluation of Anti-tumor Chlorambucil Release from O-stearoyl Mannose PLGA Nanoparticles

Author(s): Antonio O. Costa, Claure N. Lunardi and Anderson J. Gomes*

Volume 10, Issue 1, 2020

Page: [63 - 75] Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/2468187309666190823153341


Purpose: This study assesses the kinetics of the anti-tumor drug chlorambucil (CLB) incorporated into PLGA nanoparticles (NP-CLB) with and without the presence of the O-stearoyl mannose (OEM) functionalizing agent (NP-CLBMAN).

Methods: OEM was synthesized and used in the NP-CLB-MAN formulation. The nanoparticles were characterized by dynamic light scattering, electrophoretic light scattering, scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy.

Results: The nanoparticles presented an encapsulation efficiency greater than 61% and a PdI between 0.186–0.217. The mean size was 185 nm for NP-CLB and 220 nm for NPCLB- MAN, and the zeta potential values were -17.7 mV for NP-CLB and -14.2 mV for NP- CLB-MAN. Scanning electron microscopy showed that NPs with OEM have a surface with a different shape, and FTIR analyses showed binding of CLB to the drug delivery system, as well as functionalization with OEM. In vitro release studies showed a biphasic release profile for both systems, and they were analyzed considering the mathematical Korsmeyer-Peppas, first-order, and Fick diffusion models, and the combination of the first-order and Fick diffusion models.

Conclusion: The experimental results obtained for the release of CLB were better described using a combination of the first order and Fick diffusion mathematical models.

Keywords: PLGA, nanoparticles, o-stearoyl mannose, chlorambucil, mathematical modeling.

Graphical Abstract
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