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New Emirates Medical Journal

Volume 3, 2 Issues, 2022
ISSN: 0250-6882 (Online)
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Open Access Article

Prevalence of ABO Blood Grouping among Hemodialysis Patients in Dubai



Fakhriya Alalawi1, *, Kashif Gulzar1, Waleed Mohamed Galaleldin1, Amna Alhadari1
1 Department of Nephrology, Dubai Hospital, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Abstract

Background:

Beyond their vital role in blood transfusion, ABO antigens were speculated to be involved in developing various human illnesses, including infectious, neoplastic, cardiovascular, and many others. Many researchers attempted to highlight the relationship between kidney disease and ABO phenotypes. The majority of these reports showed a predominance of blood group O antigen among patients with chronic kidney disease, while few had opposed these findings. We aimed in this study to elaborate on blood group typing among our hemodialysis patients and whether it has a prognostic effect on the overall mortality.

Methods:

This is an observational, cross-sectional, retrospective study among chronic adult hemodialysis patients being dialyzed at Dubai Hospital over the past six months, from Jan 2021 till June 2021. The patient's demographic characteristics (age, sex, etiology of chronic kidney disease, medical comorbidities, and blood groups) were retrieved using an electronic hospital medical record system.

Results:

Our study population constituted 224 hemodialysis patients; their mean age was 55.4 years (16-94 years), 83.6% were UAE nationals, and 59.8% were males. Diabetic nephropathy was the etiology of end-stage kidney disease in 46%. ABO blood group distribution among our study population was as follows; group O was the commonest (45%), followed by group B positive (23%) and A Positive (20.9%). Among the UAE national patients group, O+ constitutes 46.9%, followed by B+ in 24%, and A+ in 21%. Nevertheless, group O+ was still the commonest among the non-national hemodialysis patients in 37.7%, A+ in 28.8%, and B+ in 24.4%. Additionally, group O-positive was the predominant group among all diabetic dialysis patients (47%). Nine patients died during the study period of different causes; out of them, 4 patients (44.4%) had group O positive.

Conclusion:

Blood group O was the commonest blood group among our hemodialysis patients. Additionally, it was the commonest group in all diabetic dialysis patients. More studies from Arab countries are needed to comprehend the relationship between ABO blood phenotypes and kidney disease and whether certain blood groups have any role in a patient's progression to ESKD.

Keywords: ABO group, HD: hemodialysis, ESKD: End-Stage Kidney Disease, Mortality, Blood group phenotype, Diabetic nephropathy.


Article Information


Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2022
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
E-location ID: e310522205460
Publisher Id: e310522205460
DOI: 10.2174/03666220531142340

Article History:

Received Date: 10/12/2021
Revision Received Date: 5/1/2022
Acceptance Date: 29/1/2022
Electronic publication date: 07/07/2022
Collection year: 2022

© 2022 Alalawi et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Nephrology, Dubai Hospital, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; E-mail: fjalalawi08@yahoo.co.uk





Editor-in-Chief

Abdullah Shehab
Emirates Cardiac Society
Emirates Medical Association
Dubai
(United Arab Emirates)
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Acceptance rate = 40%

Average review speed: 45 days average

18 days from acceptance to publication