Medicinal Plants, Phytomedicines and Traditional Herbal Remedies for Drug Discovery and Development against COVID-19

Immune Foods for Fighting Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19)

Author(s): Chinaza Godswill Awuchi, Hannington Twinomuhwezi, Chibueze Gospel Awuchi, Ikechukwu O. Amagwuala and Chukwuebuka Egbuna

Pp: 54-90 (37)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815049510123010005

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Nutritional measures and food components such as micronutrients, macronutrients, and food bioactive compounds, boost the immune system to effectively fight COVID-19. Nutrient deficiencies reduce immune functions against COVID-19, while supplementation of specific nutrients improves the immune system against viral disease. Several macronutrients and micronutrients, including bioactive compounds, prebiotics, and probiotics, have been linked to COVID-19 treatment and prevention. Vitamins D, C, A, E, and B vitamins have been linked with improvement and recovery from COVID-19. Several minerals such as zinc, selenium, iron, copper, magnesium, etc. have activities against SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19. Many studies have shown that bioactive compounds such as resveratrol, astaxanthin, quercetin, docosahexaenoic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, theaflavin, etc., have promising actions against SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19. Foods and food components should be properly utilized to fight COVID-19 and are valuable in drug discovery against COVID-19.

Keywords: Bioactive compounds against COVID-19, Immune boosting foods against COVID-19, Micronutrients against COVID-19, Macronutrients against COVID-19, Minerals against SARS-CoV-2, Nutritional therapies for COVID treatment, Vitamins against SARS-CoV-2.

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