Elements of Clinical Study Design, Biostatistics & Research

Scales of Measurement, Descriptive Statistics & Data Presentation

Author(s): S.S. Patel and Aditya Patel

Pp: 14-30 (17)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815123791123010005

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


The scales of measurement could be numerical, nominal or ordinal. The measurement of data requires measurement of its central tendency and discussion. Such data can be presented, depending on its type & nature, in the form of tables & figures. The different types of descriptive statistics & the suitable form of presentation are discussed in this chapter. 

Keywords: Graphs, Histogram, Mean, Mode, Median, Nominal scale, Numerical scale, Ordinal scale, Pictogram, Proportion, Range, Standard deviation.

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