An Epidemiological Update on COVID -19

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

Author(s): V. Shyamala*, R. Harini, D. Manikandan and S.U. Mohammed Riyaz

Pp: 1-9 (9)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815050325122010005

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


The lungs' air sacs are filled with fluid, leading to a life-threatening lung injury known as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The tiny blood vessels of the lungs are damaged in this condition. The amount of oxygen in the bloodstream decreases, giving rise to carbon dioxide in blood circulation. This makes breathing extremely difficult, ultimately leading to organ failure. Usually, the organs damaged due to this condition are the kidneys or brain. The variations in the severity of ARDS are dependent on different signs and symptoms. Most of the time, ARDS is represented by shortness of breath, dry hacking cough, fever, headaches, and fast pulse rate. Labored and unusually rapid breathing, Low blood pressure, mental confusion, and extreme tiredness could also be other signs. ARDS can also be associated with old age, chronic lung disease, a history of alcohol misuse, or smoking

Keywords: ARDS, Carbon dioxide, Lungs, Oxygen, Shortness of breath

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