Advanced Pharmaceutical and Herbal Nanoscience for Targeted Drug Delivery Systems Part I

Vitamins Based Nanomedicine Approach

Author(s): U. S. Mahadeva Rao*, Abu Md Ashif Ikbal and Meenakshi Ratra *

Pp: 218-235 (18)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815036510122010013

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


With the rapid advances in science and technology in recent years, nanotechnology has gained much attention in all disciplines. Due to its wide applicability in various fields, researchers and academicians are showing great interest in nanotechnology nowadays. Some of its applications include neutraceuticals, nanoemulsions, nanomedicines, nanoencapsulation, and many more. Understanding and controlling matter at the nanoscale is what nanotechnology is all about. Nanomedicine is the most advanced application of nanotechnology. In simple terms, the basic definition of nanomedicine is the application of nanotechnology to repair damaged tissue. The European Medicine Agency (EMA) defines nanomedicine as the application of nanotechnology in the establishment of a medical diagnosis or the treatment/prevention of disease. It exploits the improved and often novel physical, chemical, and biological properties of materials at the nanometer scale. Nanomedicines come in various forms like nanoparticles, liposomes, nanogels, nanoemulsions, nanotubes, and many others, most of which have been approved by various agencies for their diagnostic/therapeutic utility. Nanomedicine has achieved a high success rate due to its widespread applicability and a variety of forms, although the road ahead is not easy. Therefore, even today, many argue about earlier planning to meet all the requirements. Due to the enzymes and chemicals in the gastrointestinal membrane (GI), some vitamins are poorly absorbed. Nanomedicine helps alleviate this problem while increasing the bioavailability of vitamins due to their remarkable absorption and distribution capabilities

Keywords: Liposomes, Nanocarriers, Nanoemulsions, Nanomedicine, Nanotechnology, Nanotubes, Nutraceuticals.

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