Non-operating room anesthesia (NORA) is becoming increasingly popular
for pediatric patients and comes with its own unique challenges that warrant
consideration in order to provide safe anesthetic care. This chapter is organized by
location and discusses considerations for locations such as the radiology suite,
interventional radiology, gastroenterology, and oncology sites. Agent selection and
anesthetic type can vary even within each locale, and different techniques are presented
to help guide the practitioner on what may be expected with each site and procedure.
Checklists are provided as cognitive aids for the safe preparation. The postanesthesia
recovery period for these patients is also summarized, and discharge criteria are
Keywords: Anaphylaxis, CT scan, Endoscopy, Gastroenterology, Interventional Radiology, Nonoperating Room Anesthesia, MRI, NORA, Nuclear Medicine, PACU, Pediatric, Pediatric Anesthesia, Pediatric Emergency, Radiology.