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Clinical Cancer Drugs


ISSN (Print): 2212-697X
ISSN (Online): 2212-6988

Review Article

Novel Molecular Targets and Mechanisms Involved in the Invasion and Metastasis of Pancreatic Cancer

Author(s): Ziyi Li, Weidong Li, Yuqi Dong and Xueying Sun*

Volume 6, Issue 1, 2019

Page: [8 - 20] Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/2212697X06666190328180331


Background: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a leading cause of cancerrelated deaths and its morbidity and mortality are increasing. PDAC patients have a very poor prognosis because of aggressive features of PDAC cells, shortage of reliable diagnostic biomarkers and deficiency of effective therapeutics.

Objective: The article aims to discuss the recent progress in the discovery of novel molecular targets and their related mechanisms in the invasion and metastasis of PDAC cells.

Methods: Literatures based on Pubmed database were searched and those related to the molecular targets involved in the invasion and metastasis of PDAC were reviewed.

Results: The most promising discovery of molecular targets and phenomena include epithelialmesenchymal transition (EMT), cancer stem cells (CSCs), metastasis-related genes, hypoxiainducible factors (HIFs), non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) and L1 cell adhesion molecule (L1CAM), which contribute to the vital biological behaviors of PDAC cells and tumor microenvironments.

Conclusion: This review summarizes recent advances in novel molecular targets that regulate the invasion and metastasis of PDAC cells, and how they are targeted for developing diagnostic and therapeutic tools for combating PDAC. Further understanding the regulatory mechanisms of these molecular targets may help to discover biomarkers used for early diagnosis, predicting the prognosis and monitoring treatment response, and also to develop novel effective therapeutics.

Keywords: Pancreatic cancer, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, invasion, metastasis, molecular targets, biomarkers.

Graphical Abstract
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