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Current Chemical Biology


ISSN (Print): 2212-7968
ISSN (Online): 1872-3136

Galanthus nivalis Agglutinin (GNA)-Related Lectins: Traditional Proteins, Burgeoning Drugs?

Author(s): Chun-yang Li, Liang Meng, Bo Liu and Jin-ku Bao

Volume 3, Issue 3, 2009

Page: [324 - 333] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/2212796810903030324

Price: $65


Galanthus nivalis agglutinin (GNA)-related lectin family, a superfamily of strictly mannose-binding specific lectins widespread among monotyledonous plants, is well-known to possess a broad range of biological functions such as anti-tumor, anti-fungal and anti-viral activities. Growing insights into the investigations of them provide us a principal force to start this review with a variety of evidences to landmark their biological activities, molecular mechanisms and potential therapeutic applications. Herein, we mainly focused on a comprehensive study on a great number of reported GNA-related lectins with the anti-tumor activity. On the trail of such clues, we studied some GNA-related lectins with anti-tumor effects and explored the apoptosis- and autophagy-induced activities and related molecular mechanisms. These inspiring results further provide us more convincing evidence to understand the anti-cancer molecular mechanisms implicated in apoptosis and autophagy. In addition, GNA-related lectins also possess marked anti-HIV activities and the specific molecular mechanisms are also explored herein. To sum up, GNA-related lectin family would play a key role as a potential drug in future therapeutics.

Keywords: GNA-related lectins, anti-tumor activity, apoptosis, autophagy, drug

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