A huge amount of medical data is generated every second, and a significant percentage of the data are images that need to be analyzed and processed. One of the key challenges in this regard is the recovery of the data of medical images. The medical image recovery procedure should be done automatically by the computers that are the method of identifying object concepts and assigning homologous tags to them. To discover the hidden concepts in the medical images, the lowlevel characteristics should be used to achieve high-level concepts and that is a challenging task. In any specific case, it requires human involvement to determine the significance of the image. To allow machine-based reasoning on the medical evidence collected, the data must be accompanied by additional interpretive semantics; a change from a pure data-intensive methodology to a model of evidence rich in semantics. In this state-of-art, data tagging methods related to medical images are surveyed which is an important aspect for the recognition of a huge number of medical images. Different types of tags related to the medical image, prerequisites of medical data tagging, different techniques to develop medical image tags, different medical image tagging algorithms and different tools that are used to create the tags are discussed in this paper. The aim of this state-of-art paper is to produce a summary and a set of guidelines for using the tags for the identification of medical images and to identify the challenges and future research directions of tagging medical images.