1 Division of General Surgery, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel
2 Institute of Pathology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel
Diverticular disease of the appendix [DDOA] is a rare occurrence. Although acquired in nature, its impact on the disease process of appendicitis is not well-defined. The purpose of the current study is to include a comprehensive clinico-pathological definition of the disease through a retrospective single-center cohort analysis with a prospective pathological re-evaluation.
A retrospective analysis of post-appendectomy patients over a period of 16 years [2000-2015] was carried out. Patients with DDOA were identified and compared to a control group of patients with acute appendicitis. Histology was re-evaluated prospectively by a senior pathologist. Primary measures of the outcome included clinical and surgical differences. Pathological macroscopic differences between the two groups and a comprehensive description of the DDOA itself were performed.
6846 post appendectomy patients were operated on during the study period, and 127 [1.9%] were diagnosed with DDOA. The DDOA group showed significantly higher age, longer duration of complaints, and a different clinical presentation. Operative time was significantly longer in the study group and had higher rates of severe postoperative complications such as postoperative bleeding, need for ICU recovery, and need for postoperative mechanical ventilation. All diverticula were pseudo-diverticula and were significantly shorter and wider. Multivariate analysis showed that age, length, and width of the appendix were independently associated with DDOA.
The results of this study suggest that DDOA is an independent clinical entity, showing differences in etiology, clinical presentation, and postoperative outcome. Prospective studies are needed to assess whether the preoperative diagnosis is feasible and will change conventional surgical management.
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* Address correspondence to this author at Department of General Surgery, Division of Surgery, Rambam Health Care Campus, 8 Ha'Aliyah st., Haifa 35254, Israel; Tel: 972-4-8541730; Fax: 972-4-8542321; E-mail: o_ben-ishay@RMC.gov.il
Abdullah Shehab Emirates Cardiac Society Emirates Medical Association Dubai (UAE) Biography
Biography of Abdullah Shehab
Dr. Abdullah Shehab has 22 years of experience in Internal medicine, cardiology and interventional cardiology and medical education. Currently, he serves as the General Secretary of Emirates Cardiac Society and Vice President of Gulf Intervention Society. He is a Fellow of royal college of physicians UK, American college of physician, European society of cardiology, of American college of cardiology, American society of cardiac intervention and fellow of American heart association. Professor Shehab is the Chief editor of Emirates Medical Journal and also serves as editor in many other regional and international journals. Dr. Shehab has published 149 paper in Medline. His research interest includes: Heart failure, Coronary artery disease, Dyslipidaemia, Hypertension, Arrhythmias, Cardiac intervention, Cardiac imaging, Screening for cardiac disease in sport players, Cardiovascular disease in pregnancy.