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New Emirates Medical Journal

Volume 2, 2 Issues, 2021
ISSN: 0250-6882 (Online)
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Open Access Article

Non-Respiratory Manifestations of COVID-19 and Pathophysiological Evidences

Angeline S. Rajakumar1, *, Siva R. Green1, S. Lokesh1, Prasanna Venkatesh1, V.K. Gowtham1
1 Department of General Medicine, MGMCRI, Pondicherry-607403, India


Globally, COVID-19 is a viral disease that has become a public health challenge in 2020. COVID-19 is caused by a novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV 2, that was first discovered in the Hubei province of China and it commonly manifests as a respiratory illness but also with symptoms ranging from mild myalgia to severe pneumonia. As our primitive understanding of this novel virus has evolved, COVID-19 has been shown to present in atypical non-pulmonary clinical manifestations, such as diarrhea, acute kidney injury, hepatic and cardiovascular abnormalities, blood coagulation and stroke along with loss of some special senses. We consolidated the publicly available information to precisely summarize the knowledge about the significant non-respiratory clinical manifestations of COVID-19.

Keywords: COVID-19, Non-respiratory, Atypical symptoms, Viral disease, Novel virus, Pathophysiology.

Article Information

Identifiers and Pagination:

Year: 2021
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
First Page: 8
Last Page: 12
Publisher Id: nemj-2-8
DOI: 10.2174/0250688203666210111152702

Article History:

Received Date: 22/09/2020
Revision Received Date: 17/11/2020
Acceptance Date: 27/11/2020
Electronic publication date: 12/02/2021
Collection year: 2021

© 2021 Rajakumar et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of General Medicine, MGMCRI, Pondicherry, Pincode- 607403, India; Tel: +91 9566271559; E-mail:


Abdullah Shehab
Emirates Cardiac Society
Emirates Medical Association
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