Frequency of Neck Pain Among Female Medical Students in a Medical University of Karachi
Saba Aijaz2, Ambreen Shahzad1, Muhammad Faisal Fahim1, *, Aisha Ahmed2, Urooj Asghar2, Muntaha Mukhtar2
1 Department of Physical Therapy, Bahria University Medical & Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan
2 Department of Physical Therapy, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
Among all the Musculoskeletal Pain (MSP), the most commonly reported MSP among the undergraduate medical students is the neck pain. As the students study for long hours sitting in front of the computers, use incorrect postures while using the computers, mobile phones, reading, etc. The females face neck problems due to increase stress in their daily life. Our study aims to find out how prevalent is the neck pain among female medical students in a Medical University of Karachi.
The study conducted was a cross-sectional survey with a study duration of 4 months i.e. from January, 2018 till April, 2018. A non-probability purposive sampling, conducted among the female undergraduate students of Doctor of Physiotherapy (DPT), Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS), Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) and Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm-D) studying in DOW University of Health Science, Ojha campus Karachi. The estimated sample size was 400 including female undergraduate medical students of MBBS, BDS, Pharm-D and DPT of DOW University, Ojha campus. Male medical students and students other than DOW University, Ojha campus were not included in this study. Data was analyzed through SPSS version 16.0. Pearson Chi-Square test was used to see the association between neck pain and different physical parameters of the Neck Disability Index. P-value less than 0.05 was considered significant.
The results showed that out of 400 female medical students 301 students were having neck pain among which 24.8% of students reported no disability, 36.5% reported mild disability, 9.5% reported severe disability, and 4.5% reported complete disability.
It was concluded that the majority of the female medical students were having neck pain with mild disability due to the presence of neck pain.
Keywords: Disability, Female medical students, Musculoskeletal disorders, Neck pain, Neck Disability Index (NDI), Inflammatory.
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* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Physical Therapy, Bahria University Medical & Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan; E-mail:email@example.com
Dr. Abdullah Shehab has 22 years of experience in Internal medicine, cardiology and interventional cardiology and medical education. Currently, he serves as the General Secretary of Emirates Cardiac Society and Vice President of Gulf Intervention Society. He is a Fellow of royal college of physicians UK, American college of physician, European society of cardiology, of American college of cardiology, American society of cardiac intervention and fellow of American heart association. Professor Shehab is the Chief editor of Emirates Medical Journal and also serves as editor in many other regional and international journals. Dr. Shehab has published 149 paper in Medline. His research interest includes: Heart failure, Coronary artery disease, Dyslipidaemia, Hypertension, Arrhythmias, Cardiac intervention, Cardiac imaging, Screening for cardiac disease in sport players, Cardiovascular disease in pregnancy.