Frontiers in Civil Engineering

Volume: 1

Upper and Lower Bound Approaches

Author(s): Y.M. Cheng, H. Wong, C.J. Leo and C.K. Lau

Pp: 12-69 (58)

DOI: 10.2174/9781681083032116010003

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


In this chapter, the basic theory about the lower and upper approaches will be introduced. These approaches will then be applied to various types of problems, and the applicability of the lower and upper bound approaches will be illustrated through many types of problems, for which analytical/rigorous solutions are available.

Keywords: Failure mechanism, Lower bound, Upper bound, Yield.

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