Silicon Based Thin Film Solar Cells

Optical Properties of Semiconductors

Author(s): Marian Nowak

Pp: 177-242 (66)

DOI: 10.2174/9781608055180113010011


Optical properties of semiconductors, dielectrics and metals play a key role in the development of thin film solar cells. While these devices belong to photon photodetectors both the photon and wave nature of light affects their performance. Some of these problems are discussed in this chapter. The efficiency of photogeneration of free carriers by light as well as its spatial distribution is taken into consideration. This distribution is strongly affected by light interfering in a structure of many thin films. The possible geometrical and optical inhomogeneities of the solar cell structure are discussed. A few methods of determining surface and averaged overall film thickness refractive indices of semiconductor materials are presented. Techniques for determining different components of absorption of light in semiconductors are also reported. Examples of optical methods useful for determining essential parameters of semiconductors (e.g., optical energy gap, carrier diffusion length, and parameters of electron states) are presented as well.

Keywords: Semiconductors, transmittance, reflectance, quantum efficiency of photogeneration, linear distribution of intensity of reflected and transmitted radiation, graded energy gap semiconductor, optical properties of multilayer structure, amorphous silicon, refractive index, absorption coefficient, spatial distribution of radiation intensity, photogeneration of free carriers, recombination, electronic states parameters, steady state photocarrier grating, photoconductivity, photoelectromagnetic effect, optical inhomogeneity.

Related Journals
Related Books
© 2024 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy