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Drug Metabolism and Bioanalysis Letters

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 2949-6810
ISSN (Online): 2949-6829

Research Article

Comparison of Ussing Chamber and Caco-2 Model in Evaluation of Intestinal Absorption Mechanism of Compounds from Different BCS Classifications

Author(s): Dong Tian, Yingxin Yang, Huiying Zhang, Hongwen Du, Hongyu Zhou and Tao Wang*

Volume 16, Issue 2, 2023

Published on: 04 October, 2023

Page: [105 - 112] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/2949681016666230913105920

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Oral bioavailability (F), which is evaluated by permeability and solubility, is one of the key parameters in drug discovery. Currently, Caco-2 and Ussing chamber are both used in the study of intestinal permeability of drugs at different stages of drug development. However, comparative research between the Ussing chamber and Caco-2 for predicting the intestinal availability data (Fa×Fg) in humans has not been reported.

Methods: In the present study, we evaluated the permeability of 22 drugs in rat intestines by Ussing chamber and compared them with the reported permeability data from Caco-2. In addition, the active transport of gabapentin was evaluated by Ussing Chamber.

Results: Intestine segments were selected by corresponding absorption site for Ussing chamber analysis. BCS Class I and II compounds were more absorbed in the duodenum and jejunum, and Class III and IV compounds were more absorbed in the ileum. Papp values in the Caco-2 model were moderately correlated with human Fa×Fg (R2=0.722), and the Papp of the rat in the Ussing chamber revealed a better correlation with human Fa×Fg (R2=0.952). In addition, we also used the Ussing chamber to identify the transporter of gabapentin, and the results showed that the active absorption of gabapentin was related to LAT1.

Conclusion: Ussing chamber combined with rat intestinal tissue would be a significant tool for predicting the intestinal absorption and metabolism of compounds with diverse physiochemical characteristics.

Keywords: Rat intestinal permeability, ussing chamber, human bioavailability, LAT 1, Caco-2, gabapentin.

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