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Current Applied Polymer Science


ISSN (Print): 2452-2716
ISSN (Online): 2452-2724

Research Article

Mechanical Properties and Molecular Transport Behavior of NR/Clay and ENR/Clay Composites

Author(s): Rakesh Reghunath, Aji P. Mathew and Soney C. George*

Volume 6, Issue 1, 2023

Published on: 09 June, 2023

Page: [39 - 47] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/2452271606666230504110847

Price: $65


Introduction: Natural rubber and epoxidized natural rubber composites reinforced with clay have been synthesized in this study using two roll mixing mill.

Objective: The aim of the research work was to investigate the influence of clay on the overall performance of NR and ENR based composites.

Methods: The effect of clay concentration on basic mechanical properties and molecular transport phenomena of the elastomeric composites was analyzed. Tensile strength and tear strength variation as a function of clay concentration were studied.

Results: It was found that as clay concentration increased up to 4 phr, tensile strength improved up to 22.5 MPa and tear strength up to 32 MPa, beyond which it went down. It was also found that corresponding to 4 phr clay concentrations, the crosslink density of the composite was at a maximum of 1.45 gmol/cc.

Conclusion: As the clay contents are added into the elastomeric matrix system, initially there is a decrease in the swelling coefficient, but later at higher loading, the swelling coefficient increases due to the agglomeration of clay particles in the matrix.

Keywords: Natural rubber, epoxidized, molecular transport, diffusion coefficient, matrix, clay composites.

Graphical Abstract
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