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Current Alzheimer Research


ISSN (Print): 1567-2050
ISSN (Online): 1875-5828


Bloodborne Pancreatic Amylin, a Therapeutic Target for Alzheimer's Disease

Author(s): Florin Despa*

Volume 19, Issue 14, 2022

Published on: 10 March, 2023

Page: [905 - 908] Pages: 4

DOI: 10.2174/1567205020666230217091540


Alzheimer Disease (AD) pathology has been linked to brain accumulation of β amyloid (Aβ) and neurofibrillary tau tangles. An intriguing question is whether targeting factors independent of Aβ and tau pathologies could delay or even stop neurodegeneration. Amylin, a pancreatic hormone cosecreted with insulin, is believed to play a role in the central regulation of satiation and was shown to form pancreatic amyloid in persons with type-2 diabetes mellitus. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that amyloid-forming amylin secreted from the pancreas synergistically aggregates with vascular and parenchymal Aβ in the brain in both sporadic and early-onset familial AD. Pancreatic expression of amyloid-forming human amylin in AD-model rats accelerates AD-like pathology, whereas genetically suppressed amylin secretion protects against AD effects. Thus, current data suggest a role of pancreatic amyloid-forming amylin in modifying AD; further research is required to test whether lowering circulating amylin levels early during AD pathogenesis may curb cognitive decline.

Keywords: Brain accumulation amyloid β (Aβ), Alzheimer disease (AD), Bloodborne pancreatic amylin, neurofibrillary tau tangles, neurodegeneration, bloodborne.

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