Background: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a disorder caused by the repetitive collapse of the upper airway during sleep. The pathophysiology of health problems related to OSA is most strongly linked to irregular hypoxia, which results in cell function damage. In our investigation, no determinants of the OSA were found.
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess obstructive sleep apnea among adult hypertensive patients on follow-up at Jimma Medical Center (JMC) in 2020.
Methods: An institution-based descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at the JMC clinic during follow-up care. All hypertensive patients who attended the JMC's chronic follow-up clinic were our baseline populations, while those who gave their consent and met our inclusion criteria during the study period were enrolled as study participants. The data were sorted and entered into the computer using Epi-data version 3.1 and exported to the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0 for analysis. Descriptive statistics were shown in frequency, percentage, and mean.
Results: A total of 291 adult hypertension patients on follow-up care at the JMC were included in the study, comprising 155 (53.3%) men and 136 (46.7%) women. The age of the participants ranged from 28 to 74 years, and the mean age was 51 years. Of the 291 hypertensive patients screened for OSA using the STOP-Bang questionnaire, 187 (64.3%) were classified as high risk for OSA.
Conclusion: The present study showed that the prevalence of OSA is considerably high, with remarkable fluctuations and increases with age. It is also associated with gender. Moreover, men are reported to be the most affected by OSA compared to women.
Keywords: Obstructive sleep apnea, prevalence, hypertension, hypertensive patients, high blood pressure (BP), sleep disorder.
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