Generic placeholder image

Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1871-5257
ISSN (Online): 1875-6182

Review Article

Insights into the Association of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and Cardiovascular Risk Among Diabetic vs Non-Diabetic Patients

Author(s): Akashkumar N Singh* and Tatineni Swathi

Volume 21, Issue 1, 2023

Published on: 21 September, 2022

Page: [10 - 19] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1871525720666220610160310

Price: $65

Abstract

Diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease have a high risk of developing cardiovascular disease-related mortality and morbidity compared to non-diabetic chronic kidney disease patients. The Majority of chronic kidney disease patients with diabetes remain undiagnosed and have a higher incidence of cardiovascular comorbidities even when they do not progress to endstage renal failure. Both traditional cardiovascular risk factors and non-traditional cardiovascular risk factors are known to be present in a higher magnitude in diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease and are known to partially account for the increased incidence of cardiovascular disease compared to non-diabetic chronic kidney disease patients. Moreover, there is no definitive evidence for potential therapeutic treatment options for cardiovascular disease among diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease, as these patients have often not been included in major cardiovascular trials. Therefore, there is a need to recognize diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease patients having a high cardiovascular disease risk for definite and immediate medical attention at an individual patient level. Increased awareness, timely diagnosis, and intervention with respect to control these plays a pivotal role in avoiding undesirable cardiovascular disease events and lead to improved treatment outcomes among these patients. Further research is warranted to understand the risk factors for cardiovascular disease and to develop and implement preventive and treatment strategies to decrease the high morbidity and mortality among diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease. This review summarizes the available epidemiological data, and risk factors, discusses clinical presentations, and suggests prevention and management strategies for cardiovascular disease risk among diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease.

Keywords: Chronic kidney disease, diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease, epidemiological data, diabetic patient, timely diagnosis, Covid-19.

Graphical Abstract


Rights & Permissions Print Export Cite as
© 2023 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy