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Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders-Drug Targets


ISSN (Print): 1871-529X
ISSN (Online): 2212-4063


Pre-Admission Beta-Blocker Therapy and Outcomes of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Systematic Review, Meta-Analysis, and Meta-Regression

Author(s): Timotius Ivan Hariyanto, Joshua Edward Hananto, Denny Intan and Andree Kurniawan*

Volume 22, Issue 2, 2022

Published on: 13 July, 2022

Page: [104 - 117] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/1871529X22666220420112735

Price: $65


Background: Hypertension and heart failure are known risk factors for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) severity and mortality outcomes. Beta-blocker is one of the drugs of choice to treat these conditions. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between preadmission beta-blocker use and COVID-19 outcomes.

Methods: PubMed and Europe PMC were used as the database for our search strategy by using combined keywords related to our aims until December 10th, 2020. All articles related to COVID- 19 and beta-blocker were retrieved. Review Manager 5.4 and Comprehensive Meta-Analysis 3 software were used to perform statistical analysis.

Results: A total of 43 studies consisting of 11,388,556 patients were included in our analysis. Our meta-analysis showed that the use of beta-blocker was associated with increased risk of COVID-19 [OR 1.32 (95% CI 1.02 - 1.70), p = 0.03, I2 = 99%, random-effect modelling], clinical progression [OR 1.37 (95% CI 1.01 - 1.88), p = 0.04, I2 = 89%, random-effect modelling], and mortality from COVID-19 [OR 1.64 (95% CI 1.22 - 2.19), p = 0.0009, I2 = 94%, random-effect modelling]. Metaregression showed that the association with mortality outcome were influenced by age (p = 0.018) and hypertension (p = 0.005).

Conclusion: The risk and benefits of using beta-blocker as a drug of choice to treat hypertensive patients should be considered and reviewed individually, case by case, knowing their association with higher incidence and severity of COVID-19 infections. Other first-line antihypertensive drugs may be considered as an alternative therapy if the risk of administering beta blockers outweighs the benefits of COVID-19 infection. Registration details: PROSPERO (CRD42021260455).

Keywords: Coronavirus disease 2019, beta-blocker, hypertension, heart failure, cardiovascular, treatment.

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