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Current Cancer Drug Targets


ISSN (Print): 1568-0096
ISSN (Online): 1873-5576

Research Article

CircRNA SCARB1 Promotes Renal Cell Carcinoma Progression Via Mir- 510-5p/SDC3 Axis

Author(s): Jijian Sun*, Shijie Pan, Hongquan Cui and Hao Li

Volume 20, Issue 6, 2020

Page: [461 - 470] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1568009620666200409130032

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Background: Emerging studies have indicated that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play important roles in the development of many tumors. CircRNA-scavenger receptor class B member 1 (Circ-SCARB1) was consistently reported as an elevated circRNA in RCC tissues. This study focused on examining the biological function and molecular mechanism of circSCARB1 in RCC progression.

Methods: Expressions of Circ-SCARB1, microRNA (miR)-510-5p, and syndecan 3 (SDC3) were detected using a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and/or western blot. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured by 3-(4, 5)-dimethylthiahiazo (-z-y1)-3, 5-diphenytetrazoliumromide and flow cytometry, respectively. Cell migration and invasion were measured using Transwell assays. The interaction between miR-510-5p and Circ-SCARB1 or SDC3 was verified using dual-luciferase reporter assays.

Results: Circ-SCARB1 was elevated in 30 pairs of RCC tissues and multiple RCC cell lines. Knockdown of Circ-SCARB1 inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion while inducing cell apoptosis. MiR-510-5p was confirmed to be a target of Circ-SCARB1; inhibition of cell progression by silencing Circ-SCARB1 was mediated by a direct interaction between Circ-SCARB1 and miR-510-5p. SDC3 was verified to be a gene target of miR-510-5p; transfection of miR-510-5p mimic not only suppressed the expression of SDC3 but also the cell proliferation and an SDC3 cotransfection partially restored cell proliferation. Additionally, the genetic knockdown of Circ- SCARB1 reduced the expression SDC3, and the addition of anti-miR-510-5p could partially reelevate SDC3 expression.

Conclusion: Circ-SCARB1 promotes RCC progression via sequestering miR-510-5p and indirectly up-regulating SDC3 expression. This provides a novel perspective for the pathogenesis of RCC and potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of RCC.

Keywords: Circ-SCARB1, miR-510-5p, SDC3, renal cell carcinoma, progression, RCC cell lines.

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