The Open Cardiovascular
Medicine Journal is an Open Access online journal, which
publishes Research articles, Reviews and Letters in the field
of cardiovascular medicine, aiming at providing the most complete
and reliable source of information on current developments
in the field.
Manuscripts may be submitted directly to email@example.com.
Each peer-reviewed article that is published in a Bentham
OPEN Journal is universally and freely accessible via
the Internet in an easily readable and printable PDF format.
Online Manuscript Submission: An online submission
and tracking service via Internet facilitates a speedy
and cost-effective submission of manuscripts.
The full manuscript has to be submitted online via
Bentham's Content Management System (CMS) at http://www.bentham-editorial.org/
Alternatively, you may also submit your full manuscript by
e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
Manuscripts must be submitted by one of the authors of the
manuscript, and should not be submitted by anyone on their
behalf. The principal/corresponding author will be required
to submit a Covering Letter along with the manuscript, on
behalf of all the co-authors (if any). The author(s) will
confirm that the manuscript (or any part of it) has not been
published previously or is not under consideration for publication
elsewhere. Furthermore, any illustration, structure or table
that has been published elsewhere must be reported, and copyright
permission for reproduction must be obtained.
For all online submissions, please provide your complete manuscript
in the form of a single zipped folder containing soft copies
of all the materials (main text in MS Word or Tex/LaTeX),
figures/illustrations in TIFF, PDF or JPEG, and chemical structures
drawn in ChemDraw (CDX)/ISISDraw (TGF) as separate files,
while a PDF version of the entire manuscript must also be
included, embedded with all the figures/illustrations/tables/chemical
A successful electronic submission of a manuscript will be
followed by a system-generated acknowledgement to the principal/corresponding
author within 72 hours of the dispatch of
the manuscript. Any questions with regards to the preparation
of and submission of your manuscript to the journal should
be addressed to email@example.com
and copied to firstname.lastname@example.org
NOTE: Any queries therein should be addressed
and copied to Jalil@benthamscience.org
Editorial Policies: The editorial policies of Bentham Science Publishers on publication ethics, peer-review, plagiarism, copyrights/ licenses, errata/corrections and article retraction/ withdrawal can be viewed at http://www.benthamscience.com/policy.htm
The manuscript should be written in English in a clear, direct
and active style. All pages must be numbered sequentially,
facilitating in the reviewing and editing of the manuscript.
For further convenience, the customer support team available
at Eureka Science can provide assistance to authors for the preparation of manuscripts.
Research Articles: The total number of words
for a published research article is from 4000 to 8000 words.
Review Articles: The total number of words
for a published comprehensive review article article is from
8000 to 40000 words, and for mini-review articles from 3000
to 6000 words.
Letter Articles: The total number of words
for a published letter/short communication article is from
3000 to 6000 words.
There is no restriction on the number of figures, tables or
additional files e.g. video clips, animation and datasets,
that can be included with each article online. Authors should
include all relevant supporting data with each article.
MANUSCRIPTS PUBLISHED: The Journal accepts letters/short
communications, original research articles, and mini- and
full-length review articles written in English. Supplements,
proceedings of conferences and book reviews may also be considered
Supplements/Thematic Issue: The journal
also considers Supplements/Thematic Issue for publication.
A Supplement/Single Thematic Issue will be a collection of review
articles (minimum of 6, maximum of 20 articles) based on a
contemporary theme or topic of great importance to the field.
Mini-supplements consisting of between 3 to 5 articles are
also welcome. The Guest Editors' main editorial task is to
invite the contributors to the Supplement and to manage the
peer review of submitted manuscripts. A short summary or proposal
for editing a supplement should be submitted to the Editor-in-Chief
at e-mail to email@example.com
with a copy to firstname.lastname@example.org
Conference Proceedings: For proposals to publish conference proceedings in this journal, please contact us at email: email@example.com
OPEN ACCESS BOOK REVIEWS: This journal publishes
open access reviews on recently published books (both print
and electronic) relevant to the journal. Publishers and authors
of books are invited to contact our book reviews editor at
with book review requests. All submitted books will be reviewed
by an independent expert in the field.
MANUSCRIPT SECTIONS FOR PAPERS: Manuscripts
for research articles and letters submitted to the respective
journals should be divided into the following sections; however,
there can be an extension in the number of sections in review
articles in accordance with the requirements of the topic.
List of abbreviations (if any)
Conflict of interest
Figures/illustrations (if any)
Chemical structures (if any)
Tables (if any)
Supportive/supplementary material (if any)
COVERING LETTER: It is a mandatory requirement
that a signed covering letter also be submitted along with
the manuscript by the author to whom correspondence is to
be addressed, delineating the scope of the submitted article
declaring the potential competing interests, acknowledging
contributions from authors and funding agencies, and certifying
that the paper is prepared according to the 'Instructions
for Authors'. All inconsistencies in the text
and in the reference section, and any typographical errors
must be carefully checked and corrected before the submission
of the manuscript. The article should not contains such material or
information that may be unlawful, defamatory, fabricated,
plagiarized, or which would, if published, in any way whatsoever,
violate the terms and conditions as laid down in the agreement.
The authors acknowledge that the publishers have the legal
right to take appropriate action against the authors for any
such violation of the terms and conditions as laid down in
the agreement. Download
the Covering letter
TITLE: The title should be precise
and brief and must not be more than 120 characters. Authors
should avoid the use of non-standard abbreviations. The title
must be written in title case except for articles, conjunctions
Title Page: Title page should include paper
title, author(s) full name and affiliation, corresponding
author(s) names complete affiliation/address, along with phone,
fax and email.
Authors should also provide a short ‘running title’.
ABSTRACT: The abstract should not exceed
250 words for review and research papers and should be limited
to only 150 words for letters, summarizing the essential features
of the article. The use of abbreviations should be reduced
to a minimum and the references should not be cited in the
Keywords: Provide 6 to 8 keywords in alphabetical order.
TEXT ORGANIZATION: The main text should begin
on a separate page and should be divided into separate sections.
For Research articles, the preparation of the main text must
be structured into separate sections as Introduction,
Materials and Methodology, Results, Discussion, Conclusion
and Trial Registration. For Review and Letter articles,
the manuscript should be divided into title page, abstract
and the main text. The text may be subdivided further according
to the areas to be discussed, which should be followed by
the Acknowledgements and Reference sections. The review
article should mention any previous important reviews in the
field and contain a comprehensive discussion starting with
the general background of the field. It should then go on
to discuss the salient features of recent developments. The
authors should avoid presenting material which has already
been published in a previous review.
Trial Registration: if your research article reports the results of a controlled health care intervention, list your trial registry, along with the unique identifying number, e.g. Trial registration: Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN73824458. Note that there should be no space between the letters and numbers of your trial registration number. For this purpose, a clinical trial is any study that prospectively assigns human subjects to intervention or comparison groups to evaluate the cause-and-effect relationship between a medical intervention and a health outcome. All clinical trials, regardless of when they were completed and secondary analyses of original clinical trials must be registered before submission of a manuscript based on the trial. Studies designed for other purposes, such as to study pharmacokinetics or major toxicity (e.g., phase 1 trials), are exempt. Trial registry name, registration identification number, and the URL for the registry should be included at the end of abstract and also in the space provided on the online manuscript submission form. If your research article reports the results of a controlled health care intervention, list your trial registry, along with the unique identifying number. Note that there should be no space between the letters and numbers of your trial registration number.
Authors will submit the Trial Protocols along
with their manuscript. The CONSORT (Consolidated Standards
of Reporting Trials) Checklist
and Flowchart is also required when submitting
the results of randomized control trials (RCTs).
Standard Protocol on Approvals, Registrations, Patient Consents & Animal Protection: All clinical investigations must be conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki principles. Authors must comply with the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (http://www.icmje.org) with regard to the patient’s consent for research or participation in a study. Patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers must not be mentioned anywhere in the manuscript (including figures). Editors may request that authors provide documentation of the formal review and recommendation from the institutional review board or ethics committee responsible for oversight of the study.
In addition to the standard patient consent for participation in research, authors are responsible for obtaining patient consent-to-disclose forms for all recognizable patients in photographs, videos, or other information that may be published in the Journal, in derivative works, or on the journal’s web site and providing the manuscript to the recognizable patient for review before submission. The consent-to-disclose form should indicate specific use (publication in the medical literature in print and online, with the understanding that patients and the public will have access) of the patient's information and any images in figures or videos, and must contain the patient's signature or that of a legal guardian along with a statement that the patient or legal guardian has been offered the opportunity to review the identifying materials and the accompanying manuscript.
For research involving animals, the authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the standards set forth in the eighth edition of Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (http://grants.nih.gov/grants/olaw/guide-for-the-care-and-use-of-laboratory-animals_prepub.pdf) ; published by the National Academy of Sciences, The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C.).
A specific declaration of such approval and consent-to-disclose form must be made in the cover letter and in a stand-alone paragraph at the end of the Methods section especially in the case of human studies where inclusion of a statement regarding obtaining the written informed consent from each subject or subject's guardian is a must. The original should be retained by the guarantor or corresponding author. Editors may request to provide the original forms by fax or email.
Greek Symbols and Special Characters: Greek
symbols and special characters often undergo formatting changes
and get corrupted or lost during preparation of manuscript
for publication. To ensure that all special characters used
are embedded in the text, these special characters should
be inserted as a symbol but should not be a result of any
format styling (Symbol font face) otherwise they
will be lost during conversion to PDF/XML.
Authors are encouraged to consult reporting guidelines. These
guidelines provide a set of recommendations comprising a list
of items relevant to their specific research design. All kinds
of measurements should be reported only in International System
of Units (SI). Chemical equations, chemical names, mathematical
usage, unit of measurements, chemical and physical quantity
& units must conform to SI and Chemical Abstracts or IUPAC.
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS: If abbreviations are
used in the text either they should be defined in the text
where first used, or a list of abbreviations can be provided.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST: Financial contributions
to the work being reported should be clearly acknowledged,
as should any potential conflict of interest.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: Please acknowledge anyone
(individual/company/institution) who has contributed to the
study by making substantial contributions to conception, design,
acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data,
or who was involved in drafting the manuscript or revising
it critically for important intellectual content. Please list
the source(s) of funding for the study, for each author, and
for the manuscript preparation in the acknowledgements section.
This journal complies with the International Committee of
Medical Journal Editors' Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts
Submitted to Biomedical Journals www.icmje.org
and the FDA's Good Reprint Practices for the Distribution
of Medical Journal Articles and Medical or Scientific Reference
Publications on Unapproved New Uses of Approved Drugs and
Approved or Cleared Medical Devices http://www.fda.gov/oc/op/goodreprint.html
REFERENCES: References must be listed in
the numerical system (Vancouver). All references should be
numbered sequentially [in square brackets] in the text and
listed in the same numerical order in the reference section.
The reference numbers must be finalized and the bibliography
must be fully formatted before submission.
See below few examples of references listed in the correct
Typical Paper Reference:
 Boehm M, Nabel EG. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2-a new
cardiac regulator. N Engl J Med 2002; 347: 1795-7.
 Moses RG, Luebcke M, Davis WS, et al. Effect
of a low-glycemic-index diet during pregnancy on obstetric
outcomes. Am J Clin Nutr 2006; 84: 807-12.
Typical Chapter Reference:
 Stevenson WG, Friedman PL. In: Hennekens CH, Ed. Clinical
trials in cardiovascular disease. Philadelphia, WB Saunders
Co. 1999; 217-30.
 Carlson BM. Human embryology and developmental biology.
3rd ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2004.
 Brown AM, Stubbs DW, editors. Medical physiology. New
York: Wiley; 1983.
 Harris AH, editor. Economics and health: 1997: Proceedings
of the 19th Australian Conference of Health Economists; 1997
Sep 13-14; Sydney, Australia. Kensington, N.S.W.: School of
Health Services Management, University of New South Wales;
Journal Article on the Internet:
 Aylin P, Bottle A, Jarman B, Elliott, P. Paediatric cardiac
surgical mortality in England after Bristol: descriptive analysis
of hospital episode statistics 1991-2002. BMJ [serial on the
Internet]. 2004 Oct 9; [cited 2004 October 15]; 329: [about
10 screens]. Available from: http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/329/7470/825
 Kimura K, Lipeles A. Fuzzy controller component. U. S.
Patent 14,860,040, December 14, 1996.
 Citations for articles/material published exclusively
online or in open access (free-to-view) , must contain the
exact Web addresses (URLs) at the end of the reference(s),
except those posted on an author’s Web site unless editorially
essential, e.g. ‘Reference: Available from: URL’.
Some important points to remember:
*All references must be complete and accurate.
*If the number of authors exceeds six then et al
will be used after three names (the term “et al
” should be in italics).
*Online citations should include the date of access.
*Journal abbreviations should follow the Index Medicus/MEDLINE.
*Take special care of the punctuation convention as described
in the above-mentioned examples.
*Avoid using superscript in the in-text citations and reference
*Abstracts, unpublished data and personal communications
(which can only be included if prior permission has been obtained)
should not be given in the reference section but they may
be mentioned in the text and details provided as footnotes.
*The authors are encouraged to use a recent version of EndNote
(version 5 and above) or Reference Manager (version 10) when
formatting their reference list, as this allows references
to be automatically extracted.
APPENDICES: In case there is a need to present
lengthy, but essential methodological details, use appendices,
which can be a part of the article. An appendix must not exceed
three pages (Times New Roman, 12 point fonts, 900 max. words
per page).The information should be provided in a condensed
form, ruling out the need of full sentences. A single appendix
should be titled APPENDIX, while more than one can be titled
APPENDIX A, APPENDIX B, and so on.
FIGURES/ILLUSTRATIONS: The authors should
provide the illustrations as separate files, as well as embedded
in the text file, numbered consecutively in the order of their
appearance. Each figure should include a single illustration.
No charges will be levied on the use of color figures except
in the reprints. Each figure should be closely cropped to
minimize the amount of white space surrounding the illustration.
If a figure consists of separate parts, it is important that
a single composite illustration file be submitted, containing
all parts of the figure.
Photographs should be provided with a scale bar if appropriate,
as well as high-resolution component files.
For Line Art image type, which is generally an image
based on lines and text and does not contain tonal or shaded
areas, the preferred file format is TIFF or EPS, with colour
mode being Monochrome 1-bit or RGB, in a resolution of 900-1200
For Halftone image type, which is generally a continuous tone photograph and contains no text, the preferred file format is TIFF, with colour mode being RGB or Grayscale, with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi.
For Combination image type, which is generally an image containing
halftone in addition to text or line art elements, the preferred
file format is TIFF, with colour mode being RGB or Grayscale,
in a resolution of 500-900 dpi.
For illustrations, the following file formats are acceptable:
• EPS (preferred format for diagrams)
• PDF (also especially suitable for
• PNG (preferred format for photos
• Microsoft Word (version 5 and above;
figures must be a single page)
• PowerPoint (figures must be a single
• JPEG (conversion should be done using
the original file)
• CDX (ChemDraw)
• TGF (ISISDraw)
Bentham OPEN does not process figures submitted
in GIF format.
If the large size of TIFF or EPS figures acts as an obstacle
to online submission, authors may find that conversion to
JPEG format before submission results in significantly reduced
file size and upload time, while retaining acceptable quality. In order to maintain acceptable
image quality, it is recommended that JPEG files are saved
at High or Maximum quality.
Files should not be compressed with tools such as Zipit or
Stuffit prior to submission as these tools will in any case
produce negligible file-size savings for JPEGs and TIFFs,
which are already compressed.
Please do not:
1. Supply embedded graphics in your word processor (spreadsheet,
2. Supply files that are optimized for screen use (like GIF,
BMP, PICT, WPG); the resolution is too low.
3. Supply files that are too low in resolution.
4. Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the
Image Conversion Tools:
There are many software packages, many of them freeware or
shareware, capable of converting to and from different graphics
formats, including PNG.
Good general tools for image conversion include GraphicConverter
on the Macintosh, PaintShop Pro, for Windows, and ImageMagick,
which is available on Macintosh, Windows and UNIX platforms.
Note that bitmap images (e.g. screenshots) should not be converted
to EPS, since this will result in a much larger file size
than the equivalent JPEG, TIFF, PNG or BMP, with no increase
in quality. EPS should only be used for images produced by
vector-drawing applications such as Adobe Illustrator or CorelDraw.
Most vector-drawing applications can be saved in, or exported
as, EPS format. In case the images have been originally prepared
in an Office application, such as Word or PowerPoint, then
the original Office files should be directly uploaded to the
site, instead of being converted to JPEG or another format
that may be of low quality.
Chemical Structures: Chemical structures MUST be prepared according to the guidelines below.
Structures should be prepared in ChemDraw and provided as separate file, submitted both on disk and in printed formats.
Structure Drawing Preferences:
[As according to the ACS style sheet]
Chain angle 120°
Bond spacing 18% of width
Fixed length 14.4 pt (0.500cm, 0.2in)
Bold width 2.0 pt (0.071cm, 0.0278in)
Line width 0.6 pt (0.021cm, 0.0084in)
Margin width 1.6 pt (0.096cm)
Hash spacing 2.5 pt (0.088cm, 0.0347in)
Font Times New Roman
Size 8 pt
Under the Preference Choose:
Tolerances 3 pixels
Under Page Setup Use:
Paper US letter
*Data Tables should be submitted in Microsoft Word table
*Each table should include a title/caption being explanatory
in itself with respect to the details discussed in the table.
Detailed legends may then follow.
*Table number in bold font i.e. Table 1,
should follow a title. The title should be in small case with
the first letter in caps. A full stop should be placed at
the end of the title.
*Tables should be embedded in the text exactly according
to their appropriate placement in the submitted manuscript.
*Columns and rows of data should be made visibly distinct
by ensuring that the borders of each cell are displayed as
*Tables should be numbered in Arabic numerals sequentially
in order of their citation in the body of the text.
*If a reference is cited in both the table and text, please
insert a lettered footnote in the table to refer to the numbered
reference in the text.
*Tabular data provided as additional files can be submitted
as an Excel spreadsheet.
SUPPORTIVE/SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL: We do
encourage to append supportive material, for example a PowerPoint
file containing a talk about the study, a PowerPoint file
containing additional screenshots, a Word, RTF, or PDF document
showing the original instrument(s) used, a video, or the original
data (SAS/SPSS files, Excel files, Access Db files etc.) provided
it is inevitable or endorsed by the journal's Editor.
Supportive/Supplementary material intended for publication
must be numbered and referred to in the manuscript but should
not be a part of the submitted paper. In-text citations as
well as a section with the heading "Supportive/Supplementary
Material" before the "References" section should
be provided. Here, list all Supportive/Supplementary Material
and include a brief caption line for each file describing
Any additional files will be linked into the final published
article in the form supplied by the author, but will not be
displayed within the paper. They will be made available in
exactly the same form as originally provided only on our Web
site. Please also make sure that each additional file is a
single table, figure or movie (please do not upload linked
worksheets or PDF files larger than one sheet). Supportive/
Supplementary material must be provided in a single zipped
file not larger than 4 MB.
Authors must clearly indicate if these files are not for
publication but meant for the reviewers'/editors' perusal
PERMISSION FOR REPRODUCTION: Published/reproduced
material should not be included unless you have obtained written
permission from the copyright holder, which should be forwarded
to the Editorial Office in case of acceptance of your article
For obtaining permission for reproducing any material published
in an article by Bentham Science Publishers, please fill in
the request FORM
and send to firstname.lastname@example.org
AUTHORS AND INSTITUTIONAL AFFILIATIONS: The
author will be required to provide their full names, the institutional
affiliations and the location, with an asterisk in front of
the name of the principal/corresponding author. The corresponding
author(s) should be designated and their complete address,
business telephone and fax numbers and e-mail address must
be stated to receive correspondence and galley proofs.
REVIEWING AND PROMPTNESS OF PUBLICATION:
All manuscripts submitted for publication will be immediately subjected to peer-reviewing, usually in consultation with the members of the Editorial Advisory Board and a number of external referees. Authors may, however, provide in their Covering Letter the contact details (including e-mail addresses) of four potential peer reviewers for their paper. Any peer reviewers suggested should not have recently published with any of the authors of the submitted manuscript and should not be members of the same research institution.
All peer-reviewing will be conducted via the Internet to facilitate rapid reviewing of the submitted manuscripts. Every possible effort will be made to assess the manuscripts quickly with the decision being conveyed to the authors in due course. Papers which are delayed by authors in revision for more than 30 days will have to be re-submitted as a new submission.
LANGUAGE AND EDITING: Manuscripts submitted
containing many English typographical errors will not be published.
Manuscripts which are accepted for publication on condition
that the written English submitted is corrected, will be sent
a quote by Eureka Science, a professional language editing company. Authors
from non-English language countries who have poor English
language written skills, are advised to contact the language
editing company prior to submitting their manuscript to the
journal. Please contact Eureka Science for a language editing quote at e-mail: email@example.com
stating the total number of words of the article to be edited.
언어 및 편집: 영문 오타가 많은 원고는 출판되지 않을 것입니다. 영문 오타를 없애겠다는 조건으로 받은 원고는 영어 편집 전문회사인 유럽 공동 기술개발 기구로부터 가격 견적서가 보내 질 것입니다. 영어 작문에 어려움이 있는 비영어권 국가의 저자들은 원고를 학술지에 제출하기 전에 영어 편집회사와 접촉할 것을 권합니다. 영어 편집 견적서를 받기 위해서 교정될 원고의 단어수를 적은 메일을 유럽 공동 기술개발 기구 메일인 firstname.lastname@example.org로 보내시기 바랍니다.
语言和编辑: 含有很多英文印刷错误的提交稿将不予发表。接受发表的稿件其英文写作应是正确的；专业的语言编辑公司（尤里卡科学），可对稿件的英文润色提供报价。建议非英语国家、且英文写作欠佳的作者在投稿前先与语言编辑公司联系。请与尤里卡科学联系 email@example.com
EDITION ET LANGUE: Les manuscrits soumis avec plusieurs erreurs typographiques en Anglais ne seront pas publiés en l’état. Les manuscrits sont acceptés pour publication à la condition que l'anglais utilisé soit corrigé après la soumission et seront envoyés pour examen à Eureka Science, une société d'édition de langue professionnelle. Les auteurs en provenance de pays où la langue est différente de l'anglais et qui ont de médiocres compétences en anglais écrit, sont priés de contacter la société d'édition de langue avant de soumettre leur manuscrit à la revue. Merci de contacter Eureka Science à firstname.lastname@example.org pour un devis en indiquant le nombre total de mot de l’article à éditer.
PROOF CORRECTIONS: Authors are required to
proofread the PDF versions of their manuscripts before submission.
To avoid delays in publication, proofs should be checked immediately
for typographical errors and returned within 48
hours. Major changes are not acceptable at the proof stage.
If unable to send corrections within 48 hours
due to some reason, the author(s) must at least send an acknowledgement
on receiving the galley proofs or the article will be published
exactly as received and the publishers will not be responsible
for any error occurring in the manuscript in this regard.
The corresponding author will be solely responsible for ensuring
that the revised version of the manuscript incorporating all
the submitted corrections receives the approval of all the
authors of the manuscript.
COPYRIGHT: Authors who publish in Bentham OPEN Journals retain copyright to their work. Submission of a manuscript to the respective journals implies that all authors have read and agreed to the content of the Covering Letter or the Terms and Conditions. It is a condition of publication that manuscripts submitted to this journal have not been published and will not be simultaneously submitted or published elsewhere. Plagiarism is strictly forbidden, and by submitting the article for publication the authors agree that the publishers have the legal right to take appropriate action against the authors, if plagiarism or fabricated information is discovered. Once submitted to the journal, the author will not withdraw their manuscript at any stage prior to publication.
Articles are licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution non-commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providing that the work is properly cited.
PUBLICATION FEES: The publication fee details
for each article published in the journal are given below:
Letters: The publication fee for each published
Letter article submitted is US $600.
Research Articles: The publication fee for
each published Research article is US $800.
Mini-Review Articles: The publication fee
for each published Mini-Review article is US $600.
Review Articles: The publication fee for
each published Review article is US $900.
The publication fee includes the professional copy editing charges. Once the paper is accepted for publication, the author will
receive by email an electronic invoice. The fee form is also
available on the Web site at www.benthamscience.com/open/feeform
Special Fee Waiver: Bentham OPEN allows Special FEE Waiver to authors from 79 countries which are classified by the World Bank as low-income economies or lower-middle-income economies as of September 2012 (reference - World Bank 1st September 2012). Refer to the complete list of these countries at http://www.benthamscience.com/open/specialOffer.htm
MEMBERSHIP: Join as a member of Bentham OPEN
today to obtain great discounts on your article publication
fees! For details click
REPRINTS: High quality printed reprints
of published articles are available for purchase, if ordered,
with a minimum number of 100 reprints.