All articles are freely available and immediately accessible online upon publication.
Readers can study, download and/or print OPEN access articles at no cost.
Articles are licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution non-commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providing that the work is properly cited.
Bentham OPEN follows the single blind peer-review procedure for submissions of all manuscripts to its journals. Single blind is the most common type of peer-reviewing in which the identity of the reviewers is not disclosed to the authors of the submitted manuscript concerned. The anonymity of reviewers allows for objective assessment of the manuscript by reviewers and also free from any influence by the authors on the reviewers comments.
All submitted articles are subject to an extensive peer review in consultation with members of the Journal Editorial Board and independent external referees ; usually three reviewers. All manuscripts are assessed rapidly and the decision based on all the peer reviewers comment, taken by the Journal Editor-in-Chief, is then conveyed to author(s).
All efforts are made to expedite the peer review process leading towards timely publication.
Authors publishing with Bentham OPEN retain the copyright to their work.
Authors have the flexibility to publish a wide range of articles in a Bentham OPEN journal e.g. short communications, full-length research and review articles, supplements, conference proceedings, and case studies.
Ethical Approval of Studies and Informed Consent: For human or animal experimental investigations, it is a prerequisite to provide a formal review and approval, or review and waiver, by an appropriate institutional review board or ethics committee and should be documented in your paper. For investigations undertaken on human subjects, the manner in which the informed consent was obtained from the study participants (i.e., oral or written) should be stated in the Methods section. Authors are encouraged to obtain patient consent when they use confidential case material. Consent is not necessary in the case of very brief case vignettes which do not contain identifying information or if the case material is disguised sufficiently to prevent identification of the patient. In obtaining consent, the author(s) should discuss the purpose(s) of publication, the possible risks and benefits to the patient and the patient's right to withhold or withdraw consent. In the case of a minor patient, consent should be obtained from the parent(s) or guardian(s) and assent should be obtained from the patient.
Standard Protocol on Approvals, Registrations, Patient Consents & Animal Protection: All clinical investigations must be conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki principles. Authors must comply with the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (http://www.icmje.org) with regard to the patient’s consent for research or participation in a study. Patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers must not be mentioned anywhere in the manuscript (including figures). Editors may request that authors provide documentation of the formal review and recommendation from the institutional review board or ethics committee responsible for oversight of the study.
Appeals and Complaints: Authors who wish to make a complaint should refer it to the Editor in Chief of the journal concerned. To the publisher any complaints to email@example.com
Plagiarism Prevention: Bentham Science Publishers uses the iThenticate software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. iThenticate software checks content uploaded by a journal editorial office against a database of periodicals, the Internet, and a comprehensive article database. It generates a similarity report, including the percentage overlap between the uploaded article and published material. Any instances of content overlap are treated according to a journal's peer review integrity statement and the policies recommended by the editorial Committee. You are assured that the publisher, where you are submitting your manuscript, is committed to actively combating plagiarism and publishing original research.
Copyrights: Authors who publish in Bentham OPEN journals retain copyright to their work. Submission of a manuscript to the respective journals implies that all authors have read and agreed to the content of the Covering Letter or the Terms and Conditions. It is a condition of publication that manuscripts submitted to this journal have not been published and will not be simultaneously submitted or published elsewhere.
Bentham OPEN (Licensor) grants the author(s) a worldwide, royalty-free, non-exclusive, and non-commercial perpetual license to exercise the rights in the article published as stated below:
a. All articles are published under the Creative Commons Attribution License
(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providing that the work is properly cited.
b. The authors retain the copyright of their published article. They will also have the right to:
i. Reproduce the article, to incorporate the article into one or more collective Works, and to reproduce the article as incorporated in the Collective Works;
ii. Create and reproduce Derivative Works for educational purposes.
iii. distribute copies
iv. Any commercial application of the work, with prior agreement by the author, is exclusively granted to Bentham OPEN
Waiver: Authors grant to the Bentham OPEN (licensor) to retain all revenue from commercial sales of the author's published article in a Bentham OPEN journal.
Bentham OPEN offers affordable article processing fees, ranking amongst the lowest as compared to those of other OPEN access journal publishers. An article-processing fee payable by the author/ author's institution applies for every accepted article, to cover the costs incurred by OPEN access publication. Members of Bentham OPEN are entitled to discounted article processing fees.
Authors can self-archive post prints of their published articles.
Authors can reproduce derivative works of the article for educational purposes and distribute its copies.
Publication Charges Policy:
Bentham OPEN is committed to disseminating research and scholarly publications as widely as possible. It supports the principle that ‘the results of research that have been publicly funded should be freely accessible in the public domain’ and therefore it encourages researchers to make their research available through Open Access (OA).
Open access publishing is not without costs. To provide open access, Bentham OPEN journals partly defrays the expenses of peer review, journal production, and online hosting and archiving from authors and their research sponsors by charging a publication fee for each article they publish. The fees vary by journal. Following are the main points of Bentham OPEN Publication Charge Policy:
Group ONE Journals: The standard publication fee is applicable in case of Group One journals. The publication fee details for each article published in Group ONE journals are given below:
Letters: The publication fee for each published Letter article submitted is US $600.
Research Articles: The publication fee for each published Research article is US $800.
Mini-Review Articles: The publication fee for each published Mini Review article is US $600.
Review Articles: The publication fee for each published Review article is US $900.
Group TWO Journals: Bentham OPEN has announced a special discounted publication fee for Group Two journals for a limited period of time. The publication fee for all kinds of articles in these journals is US $250. Thematic Issues are published FREE of charge in Group TWO journals.
The following special discounts are offered to authors and editorial board members:
• Authors from developing countries are entitled for 30% discount of their article publication fee submitted to any of the Group One journals.
• Authors from Bentham OPEN Member institutes are entitled for 30% discount of their article publication fee submitted to any of the Group One journals.
• Editorial Board Members and Editors of Bentham OPEN journals are allowed ONE free publication annually. Subsequent submissions from Editorial
Board Members are published at 50% discount of the standard publication fee.
• Waiver and additional discount requests are decided on the basis of author’s country of origin and quality of the submitted article. Editors and reviewers have no access to whether authors are able to pay; decisions to publish are only based on meeting the editorial criteria.
Errata and Corrections in Published Articles: Authors and readers are encouraged to notify the Editor-in-Chief if they discover errors in published content, authors’ names and affiliations or if they have reasons for concern over the legitimacy of a publication. In such cases the journal will publish an ERRATUM in consultation with Editor-in-Chief and authors of the article, and/or replace or retract the article.
Article Withdrawal: Articles in Press (articles that have been accepted for publication or published as E-pub Ahead of Schedule but which have not been formally published with volume/issue/page information) that include errors, or are determined to violate the publishing ethics guidelines such as multiple submission, fake claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like, may be “Withdrawn” from the journal. Withdrawal means that the article files are removed and replaced with a PDF stating that the article has been withdrawn from the journal in accordance with BSP Editorial Policies.
Article Retraction: Published articles (with volume/issue/page information) which may contain infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like are retracted.
• A retraction note titled “Retraction: [article title]” signed by the authors and/or the Editor-in-Chief is published in the paginated part of a subsequent issue of the journal and listed in the contents list.
• In the electronic version, a link is made to the original article.
• The online article is preceded by a screen containing the retraction note. It is to this screen that the link resolves; the reader can then proceed to the article itself.
• The original article is retained unchanged save for a watermark on the .pdf indicating on each page that it is “retracted.”
• The HTML version of the document is removed.
Redundant (multiple) publication/ Re-publication: Abstracts and posters at conferences, results presented at meetings (for example, to inform investigators or participants about findings), results databases (data without interpretation, discussion, context or conclusions in the form of tables and text to describe data/information where this is not easily presented in tabular form) are not considered to be prior publication.
Authors who want to publish translations of the articles that has been published elsewhere should ensure that they have appropriate permission(s), should indicate clearly that the material has been translated and re-published, and should indicate clearly the original source of the material. Editor-in-Chief may request copies of related publications if they are concerned about overlap and possible redundancy.
Disclaimer: No responsibility is assumed by Bentham Science Publishers, its staff or members of the editorial board for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any methods, products instruction, advertisements or ideas contained in a publication by Bentham Science Publishers.