IL-22 and Its Receptors, New Players in the Inflammatory Network

ISSN: 1875-614X (Online)
ISSN: 1871-5230 (Print)

Volume 15, 3 Issues, 2016

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Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Formerly: Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Allergy Agents

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Claudiu T. Supuran
Neurofarba Department
University of Florence

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IL-22 and Its Receptors, New Players in the Inflammatory Network

Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, 5(3): 251-257.

Author(s): Laure Dumoutier and Jean-Christophe Renauld.

Affiliation: Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, UCL 74 59, Avenue Hippocrate, 74, B-1200 Brussels, Belgium.


Originally identified as a gene specifically induced by IL-9 in a mouse T cell lymphoma, IL-22 is mainly produced by TH1 cells or by activated T cells. Human IL-22, which shares 79% amino acid identity with its mouse orthologue and 25% with IL-10 is encoded by a single copy gene and located on chromosome 12, close to the IFNγ gene, whereas the murine IL-22 gene is located on chromosome 10 and is duplicated in some mouse strains. Structurally, IL-22 appears to be a monomer composed of six alpha helices, whose organization is reminiscent of the helices of the IL-10 dimer. Despite its structural relationship with IL-10, IL-22 exerts completely different activities, acting mainly on non hematopoietic cells, such as epithelial cells from lung and colon, hepatocytes and keratinocytes. IL-22 might therefore be involved in inflammatory processes, at least in liver and skin. IL-22 exerts its activity via a complex formed by IL-10Rβ and IL-22R, associated with Tyk2 and Jak1, respectively. The main signaling pathways triggered by IL-22 involve STAT-1, - 3, -5 and the ERK, JNK and p38 MAPKinases. Beside its transmembrane receptor, IL-22 also binds to a soluble receptor, called IL-22BP. This soluble receptor turns out to be a natural antagonist of IL-22 biological activities at least in vitro.


IL-22, inflammation, receptors.

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Article Details

Volume: 5
Issue Number: 3
First Page: 251
Last Page: 257
Page Count: 7
DOI: 10.2174/187152306778017665
Price: $58

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