Apoptosis and Autoimmune Disease

ISSN: 1875-614X (Online)
ISSN: 1871-5230 (Print)


Volume 15, 3 Issues, 2016


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Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Formerly: Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Allergy Agents

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Editor-in-Chief:
Claudiu T. Supuran
Neurofarba Department
University of Florence
Florence
Italy


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Apoptosis and Autoimmune Disease



Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, 4(4): 429-437.

Author(s): Mohammad Hashemi and Tadeusz J Kroczak.

Affiliation: Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Zahedan Medical University, Zahedan, Iran.

Abstract

Apoptosis is a physiological mechanism of cell death. Defects in the apoptosis machinery may lead to serious disease such as: autoimmune disease, cancer, drug resistance in tumors, and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Autoimmune diseases affect 3-5% of the population and are characterized by the activity of autoreactive lymphocytes that produce antibodies targeting self tissue for destruction. Genetic and environmental factors both influence autoimmune disease occurrence. Although the pathogenesis of these diseases is poorly understood, firm evidence links the process of apoptosis to the induction of autoimmune disease. In this review we will attempt to outline the recent findings that highlight the etiologies of some autoimmune diseases such as: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Type 1 diabetes mellitus (IDDM), Multiple sclerosis (MS), Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and autoimmune thyroid disease.

Keywords:

apoptosis, autoimmune disease, bcl, bcl-xl, granzyme b.



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Article Details

Volume: 4
Issue Number: 4
First Page: 429
Last Page: 437
Page Count: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1568014054546281
Price: $58
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