Modulation of Antibiotic Efflux in Bacteria

ISSN: 2211-3533 (Online)
ISSN: 2211-3525 (Print)

Volume 14, 2 Issues, 2016

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Anti-Infective Agents

Formerly: Anti-Infective Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

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Modulation of Antibiotic Efflux in Bacteria

Anti-Infective Agents, 1(1): 35-54.

Author(s): Mark L Nelson.

Affiliation: Paratek Pharmaceuticals, Inc, 75 Kneeland St., Boston, MA 02111, USA


Bacteria develop resistance to antibiotics by receptor alteration, antibiotic modification and by drug efflux, whereby the antibiotic is removed from intracellular compartments by efflux proteins. This article gives an overview of the chemical and biological properties of the major efflux proteins found within resurgent pathogens, their activity in creating resistance, and the effect of inhibitors of these proteins. The major families of efflux protein inhibitors against bacteria include tetracyclines, indanes, ginsensosides, indoles, reserpine and reserpine analogues, dipeptides, peptidomimetic heterocycles and heterocycles, flavones, and benastatins. Their effect on both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria efflux proteins and bacterial growth is detailed.


Antibiotic Efflux, Indanes, Ginsensosides, Reserpine, reserpine analogues, Dipeptides, Flavones, Benastatins, Rhodamine, Tetracycline antibiotics.

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Article Details

Volume: 1
Issue Number: 1
First Page: 35
Last Page: 54
Page Count: 20
DOI: 10.2174/1568012023355054
Superbugs USA

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