Enediyne Anticancer Antibiotic Lidamycin: Chemistry, Biology and Pharmacology

ISSN: 1875-5992 (Online)
ISSN: 1871-5206 (Print)


Volume 16, 12 Issues, 2016


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Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Formerly: Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents

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  • 27th of 59 in Chemistry, Medicinal

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Editor-in-Chief:
Michelle Prudhomme
Universite Blaise Pascal - C.N.R.S
Aubiere Cedex
France


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Enediyne Anticancer Antibiotic Lidamycin: Chemistry, Biology and Pharmacology



Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, 8(2): 123-131.

Author(s): Rong-guang Shao and Yong-su Zhen.

Affiliation: Laboratory of Oncology,Institute of Medicinal Biotechnology, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100050, China.

Abstract

The enediyne antibiotics, the potent anticancer agents that contain diyne-ene functional groups, are appreciated for their novel molecular architecture, their remarkable biological activity and their fascinating mechanism of action. Their anticancer activity is apparently due to their ability to damage DNA through radical-mediated hydrogen abstraction. The enediyne antibiotics show markedly cytotoxicities against cancers in vitro and in vivo. Lidamycin is a member of the enediyne anticancer antibiotic family. This review examines lidamycin with particular emphasis on the discovery, the biological properties and its structure-activity relationships. In addition, the possible mechanisms of action of lidamycin are described. Recent progress, particularly in the areas of biosynthesis, and immunoconjugates are highlighted. Finally, the pharmacological applications of lidamycin in cancer therapy and its potential use as anticancer agents are also discussed.

Keywords:

Lidamycin, Anticancer antibiotic, Enediyne, DNA damage, Cell cycle arrest, Apoptosis, Immunoconjugate, Cancer therapy.



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Article Details

Volume: 8
Issue Number: 2
First Page: 123
Last Page: 131
Page Count: 9
DOI: 10.2174/187152008783497055
Price: $58
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