Effect of Prostaglandins on the Regulation of Tumor Growth

ISSN: 1875-5992 (Online)
ISSN: 1871-5206 (Print)

Volume 16, 12 Issues, 2016

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Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Formerly: Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents

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Michelle Prudhomme
Universite Blaise Pascal - C.N.R.S
Aubiere Cedex

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Effect of Prostaglandins on the Regulation of Tumor Growth

Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, 4(4): 379-387.

Author(s): Shunji Ishihara, M A.K. Rumi, Toshihiko Okuyama and Yoshikazu Kinoshita.

Affiliation: Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Shimane University School of Medicine, 89-1 Enya-cho, Izumo-City, Shimane 693-8501, Japan


Prostaglandins (PGs) are involved in mediating or regulating many physiological as well as pathological processes. Important roles of PGs in the pathophysiology of carcinogenesis offer potentials of targeting PG synthesis and PG receptors in developing novel anti-cancer therapy. Although initial studies suggested direct growth inhibitory role of PGs from in vitro studies, it has been widely demonstrated that in general, PGs stimulate tumor growth. However, cyclopentenone PGs, especially 15d-PGJ2, which can activate peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) γ, exhibited anti-proliferative and proapoptotic effects on many types of cancer cells. But recent studies indicate that growth inhibitory effects of the cyclopentenone PGs might also be a nonspecific effect due to its highly reactive cyclopentenone ring. We have explored the published studies on PGs to specify its known regulatory roles on tumor growth with an objective of targeting the PGs or pathways activated by these lipids in treating cancers.


Prostaglandins, anti-cancer, cyclopentenone, peroxisome.

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Article Details

Volume: 4
Issue Number: 4
First Page: 379
Last Page: 387
Page Count: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1568011043352902
Price: $58

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