The Molecular Mechanisms for the Antitumorigenic Effect of Curcumin

ISSN: 1875-5992 (Online)
ISSN: 1871-5206 (Print)

Volume 16, 12 Issues, 2016

Download PDF Flyer

Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Formerly: Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents

Aims & ScopeAbstracted/Indexed in

Ranking and Category:
  • 27th of 59 in Chemistry, Medicinal

Submit Abstracts Online Submit Manuscripts Online

Michelle Prudhomme
Universite Blaise Pascal - C.N.R.S
Aubiere Cedex

View Full Editorial Board

Subscribe Purchase Articles Order Reprints

Current: 2.722
5 - Year: 2.849

The Molecular Mechanisms for the Antitumorigenic Effect of Curcumin

Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, 2(3): 357-370.

Author(s): Tzeng-Horng Leu and Ming-Chei Maa.

Affiliation: Institute of Biochemistry, Chung Shan Medical University, Tai chung, Tai wan, R.O.C.


Curcumin, an active yellow pigment of turmeric and curry, possesses anti-inflammatory, antioxidative and anticarcinogenic properties. Analysis of its structure revealed the presence of β-diketone moiety and phenolic hydroxy groups that were believed to contribute to antioxidation. And vanillin, ferulic acid and a dimer of curcumin were identified as the curcumin-derived radical reaction products. In addition to antioxidation, curcumin could also induce apoptosis by targeting mitochondria, affecting p53-related signaling and blocking NF-κB activation. To further dissect its anticarcinogenic mechanisms, a number of curcumin targets were identified. These included the aryl hydrocarbon receptor, cytochrome P450, glutathione S-transferase, serine/threonine kinases, transcription factors, cyclooxygenase, ornithine decarboxylase, nitric oxide synthase, matrix metalloproteinases and tyrosine kinases. This review will summarize our current knowledge on how these important proteins are affected by curcumin, and hopefully, may provide a whole picture illustrating how the chemopreventive and antitumorigenic effect of curcumin is achieved.

Purchase Online Order Reprints Order Eprints Rights and Permissions

Article Details

Volume: 2
Issue Number: 3
First Page: 357
Last Page: 370
Page Count: 14
DOI: 10.2174/1568011024606370
Price: $58

Related Journals

Webmaster Contact: Copyright © 2016 Bentham Science