Recent Advances in Phenanthroindolizidine and Phenanthroquinolizidine Derivatives with Anticancer Activities

ISSN: 1875-5992 (Online)
ISSN: 1871-5206 (Print)

Volume 16, 12 Issues, 2016

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Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Formerly: Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents

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Michelle Prudhomme
Universite Blaise Pascal - C.N.R.S
Aubiere Cedex

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Recent Advances in Phenanthroindolizidine and Phenanthroquinolizidine Derivatives with Anticancer Activities

Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, 15(9): 1080-1091.

Author(s): Maria de Fatima Pereira, Christophe Rochais and Patrick Dallemagne.

Affiliation: Universite de Caen Basse- Normandie, Centre d’Etudes et de Recherche sur le Medicament de Normandie (EA 4258-FR CNRS 3038 INC3M-SF 4206 ICORE) UFR des Sciences Pharmaceutiques, Bd Becquerel, F-14032 Caen, France.


Phenanthroindolizidine and phenanthroquinolizidine derivatives constitute a series of compounds that are being intensively studied as potential anticancer agents. Related natural products such as antofine and tylophorine alkaloids are well known for their high cytotoxic activity; however, their clinical application has been limited because of their side effects. In this review we report, in detail, on the main structural modifications applied to the phenanthroindolizidine and phenanthroquinolizidine skeletons, and we also describe their associated anticancer activities. New derivatives with promising antitumoral activities have emerged. Simplified analogues were prepared using rapid synthetic routes, and a certain number of these analogues displayed increased anticancer activity and selectivity towards tumor cell lines. It is hoped that a better understanding of the mechanisms of action associated with structure–activity relationships (SAR) will enable us to rationalize the development of new anticancer drugs.


Alkaloids, anticancer, antofine, phenanthroindolizidine, phenanthroquinolizidine, structure–activity relationships, tylophorine.

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Article Details

Volume: 15
Issue Number: 9
First Page: 1080
Last Page: 1091
Page Count: 12
DOI: 10.2174/1871520615666150520143600
Price: $58

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