In Vivo Anticancer Activity, Toxicology and Histopathological Studies of the Thiolate Gold(I) Complex [Au(Spyrimidine)(PTA-CH<sub>2</sub>Ph)]Br

ISSN: 1875-5992 (Online)
ISSN: 1871-5206 (Print)


Volume 16, 12 Issues, 2016


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Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Formerly: Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents

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  • 27th of 59 in Chemistry, Medicinal

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Editor-in-Chief:
Michelle Prudhomme
Universite Blaise Pascal - C.N.R.S
Aubiere Cedex
France


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In Vivo Anticancer Activity, Toxicology and Histopathological Studies of the Thiolate Gold(I) Complex [Au(Spyrimidine)(PTA-CH2Ph)]Br



Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, 15(6): 773-782.

Author(s): Elena Garcia-Moreno, Sonia Gascon, Jose A. Garcia de Jalon, Eduardo Romanos, M Jesus Rodriguez-Yoldi, Elena Cerrada and Mariano Laguna.

Affiliation: Departamento de Quimica Inorganica, Instituto de Síntesis Química y Catálisis Homogénea-ISQCH, Universidad de Zaragoza-C.S.I.C., 50009 Zaragoza, Spain.

Abstract

A physiologically stable thiolate gold(I) derivative [Au(Spyrimidine)(PTA-CH2Ph)]Br has shown inhibition in colon cancer proliferation of Caco-2/TC7, Caco-2/PD7 and HTC-116-luc2 cell lines via apoptotic pathway and S-phase arrest in the cell cycle. Intraperitoneal injection of [Au(Spyrimidine)(PTA-CH2Ph)]Br in athymic nude mice inoculated with HTC-116-luc2 cells prolonged their survival and greatly inhibited tumour growth, near to disappearance. Low concentration of gold in urine and blood were detected in mice after 48 h of administration of 5 mg/kg body weight (bw) of the gold complex and non-organ (kidney and liver) damage has been detected after gold treatment. The results obtained suggested that the thiolate gold(I) derivative shown here could be considered as a candidate for therapeutic treatment in colon cancer.




Keywords:

Apoptosis, colon cancer, gold(I), histopathology, <i>in vivo</i>, PTA, Thiolate.



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Article Details

Volume: 15
Issue Number: 6
First Page: 773
Last Page: 782
Page Count: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1871520615666150129211440
Price: $58
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