Therapeutic Potential of Targeting Glypican-3 in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

ISSN: 1875-5992 (Online)
ISSN: 1871-5206 (Print)


Volume 16, 12 Issues, 2016


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Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Formerly: Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents

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Michelle Prudhomme
Universite Blaise Pascal - C.N.R.S
Aubiere Cedex
France


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Therapeutic Potential of Targeting Glypican-3 in Hepatocellular Carcinoma



Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, 11(6): 543-548.

Author(s): Mark Allegretta and Jorge Filmus.

Affiliation: 655 Spear St., Building C,Burlington, VT 05405.

Abstract

Glypican-3 (GPC3) is a developmentally-regulated oncofetal protein that has been established as a clinically-relevant biomarker for early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It is one of the first transcripts to appear during malignant hepatocyte transformation, and is expressed at the protein level in approximately half of high-grade dysplastic macronodules in cirrhotic liver. Several studies show it is expressed in most (75 to 100%) of HCCs confirmed by histopathology. The protein is anchored to the hepatocyte membrane by a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor and shows consistent membrane immunostaining pattern, making it a viable target for immunotherapeutic approaches. Targeting GPC3 for therapeutic intervention is a promising approach for the clinical management of HCC and selected other tumors that express the marker.

Keywords:

Glypican-3, Hepatocellular Carcinoma, therapeutic antibody, peptide vaccine, immunohistochemistry, oncofetal protein, Wnt signaling, Carcinoma, monoclonal antibody (mAb), IMMUNOTHERAPEUTIC GPC3 VACCINE, ADCC, GC33, collagen and fibronectin, sGPC3.



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Article Details

Volume: 11
Issue Number: 6
First Page: 543
Last Page: 548
Page Count: 6
DOI: 10.2174/187152011796011109
Price: $58
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