Potentiation of DNA-Damage-Induced Cytotoxicity by G2Checkpoint Abrogators

ISSN: 1875-5992 (Online)
ISSN: 1871-5206 (Print)

Volume 16, 12 Issues, 2016

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Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Formerly: Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents

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Michelle Prudhomme
Universite Blaise Pascal - C.N.R.S
Aubiere Cedex

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Potentiation of DNA-Damage-Induced Cytotoxicity by G2Checkpoint Abrogators

Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, 3(1): 35-46.

Author(s): A. Tenzer and M Pruschy.

Affiliation: Laboratory for Molecular Radiobiology, Dept. Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Zurich, CH-8091 Zurich, Switzerland.


Cell cycle checkpoints are activated in response to DNA-damage to ensure that accurate copies of the cellular genome are passed on to the next generation and to avoid replication and segregation of damaged DNA. These cellular control systems can be overcome by combining conventional DNA-damaging agents with compounds that target the cell cycle regulatory pathways, to enhance cytotoxicity. Tumor cells often comprise a corrupted G1 cell cycle checkpoint while the G2 cell cycle checkpoint is still intact. This review describes the concept of G2 checkpoint abrogation with recognized (methylxanthines, UCN-01) and novel G2 checkpoint abrogators to potentiate the cytotoxicity of DNA-damaging drugs and ionizing radiation. It illustrates the potential of G2 checkpoint abrogators to preferentially sensitize p53-mutated, treatment resistant tumor cells for genotoxic treatment. Identification of the targets of caffeine and UCN-01 to be key-players of the G2 checkpoint (ATM / ATR and Chk1, respectively) promoted the search for novel inhibitors of this checkpoint. Even though a direct causal link between G2 checkpoint abrogation and chemo- / radiosensitization is difficult to prove the multitude of these novel compounds validate that inhibition of critical elements of the G2 checkpoint (ATM / ATR-Chk1 / Chk2- CDC25C-cascade) potentiates the cytotoxicity of DNA-damaging agents.


Potentiation, DNA-Damage, Cytotoxicity, G2Checkpoint, genotoxic, radiosensitization.

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Article Details

Volume: 3
Issue Number: 1
First Page: 35
Last Page: 46
Page Count: 12
DOI: 10.2174/1568011033353533

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