α-Methylene-γ-lactones as a Novel Class of Anti-leukemic Agents

ISSN: 1875-5992 (Online)
ISSN: 1871-5206 (Print)


Volume 16, 12 Issues, 2016


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Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Formerly: Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents

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  • 27th of 59 in Chemistry, Medicinal

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Editor-in-Chief:
Michelle Prudhomme
Universite Blaise Pascal - C.N.R.S
Aubiere Cedex
France


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α-Methylene-γ-lactones as a Novel Class of Anti-leukemic Agents



Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, 14(5): 688-694.

Author(s): Katarzyna Gach and Anna Janecka.

Affiliation: Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, Medical University of Lodz, Mazowiecka 6/8, 92-215 Lodz, Poland.

Abstract

Natural products are important leads in drug discovery. In recent years, the anti-leukemic properties of natural compounds isolated from plants, containing an α-Methylene-γ-lactones skeleton, have attracted a lot of attention. Extensive research has been carried out to characterize their molecular mechanisms of action and potential chemotherapeutic application in different types of cancer, including leukemias. Sesquiterpene lactones, a group of α-Methylene-γ-lactones are plant-derived compounds, mostly of the Compositae family, used in traditional medicine especially for the treatment of inflammation. However, they exhibit a broad spectrum of other biological effects, including cytotoxic, anti-bacterial, anti-helminthic, and anti-tumor activity. Recently, a sesquiterpene lactone, parthenolide, and several other compounds containing an α-methylene-γ-lactone skeleton have become topics of interest as potential antileukemic agents. The recent research emphasizes their selective activity against leukemia cells while the normal hematopoietic cells remain unaffected. In this review, we give a brief description of natural α-Methylene-γ-lactones isolated from plants and their derivates with minor chemical modifications that possess anti-leukemic activity. We also discuss molecular mechanisms of action of these compounds, in particular, their selectivity against leukemia cells.

Keywords:

Alkylating agents, α-Methylene-γ-lactones, apoptosis, leukemia treatment, leukemia stem cells, sesquiterpene lactones.



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Article Details

Volume: 14
Issue Number: 5
First Page: 688
Last Page: 694
Page Count: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1871520614666140313095010
Price: $58
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