Differential Binding Preference of Methylpheophorbide a and Its Diboronated Derivatives to Albumin and Low Density Lipoproteins

ISSN: 1875-5992 (Online)
ISSN: 1871-5206 (Print)

Volume 17, 14 Issues, 2017

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Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Formerly: Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents

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Michelle Prudhomme
Institut de Chimie de Clermont-Ferrand
Université Clermont Auvergne

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Differential Binding Preference of Methylpheophorbide a and Its Diboronated Derivatives to Albumin and Low Density Lipoproteins

Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, 13(4): 639-646.

Author(s): Galina V. Golovina, Georgy N. Rychkov, Valentina A. Ol’shevskaya, Andrei V. Zaitsev, Valery N. Kalinin, Vladimir A. Kuzmin and Alexander A Shtil.

Affiliation: Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 4 Kosygin Street, Moscow 119334, Russian Federation.


The tetrapyrrolic macrocycle and the functional groups at its periphery allow for a variety of modifications aimed at multifunctional therapeutic compounds. In particular, conjugation of boron polyhedra yields dual efficacy antitumor photo/ radiosensitizers. Structural optimization of these agents presumes the identification of macromolecules that bind and transport boronated tetrapyrroles. Using spectroscopic methods we demonstrated that methylpheophorbide a forms complexes with serum albumin and low density lipoproteins (LDL) whereas two diboronated derivatives, 13(2),17(3)-[di(o-carboran-1-yl)methoxycarbonyl]pheophorbide a and 13(2),17(3)-[di(1-carba-closo-dodecaboran-1-yl)methoxycarbonyl]pheophorbide a, were capable of binding to LDL but not to albumin. Molecular modeling showed a mode of interaction of methylpheophorbide a with the amino acid residues in the albumin’s hemin binding site. In contrast, for diboronated derivatives such interactions are sterically hindered by boron polyhedra, in line with experimentally determined lack of complex formation with albumin. These data strongly suggest that LDL might be the preferred carrier for polycarborane containing methylpheophorbide a derivatives.


Methylpheophorbide a, Carborane, Albumin, Low density lipoproteins, Molecular modeling.

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Article Details

Volume: 13
Issue Number: 4
First Page: 639
Last Page: 646
Page Count: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1871520611313040012
Price: $58

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