Developing Phytoestrogens for Breast Cancer Prevention

ISSN: 1875-5992 (Online)
ISSN: 1871-5206 (Print)


Volume 16, 12 Issues, 2016


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Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Formerly: Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents

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Editor-in-Chief:
Michelle Prudhomme
Universite Blaise Pascal - C.N.R.S
Aubiere Cedex
France


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Developing Phytoestrogens for Breast Cancer Prevention



Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, 12(10): 1306-1313.

Author(s): Mandy M. Liu, Ying Huang and Jeffrey Wang.

Affiliation: Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, CA 91766.

Abstract

Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in women, and is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Chemoprevention using phytoestrogens (PEs) for breast cancer may be a valid strategy. PEs are phytochemicals with estrogen-like structures and can be classified into four types: isoflavones, lignans, stilbenes and coumestans. They are widely distributed in diet and herbs and have shown anti-cancer activity via mechanisms including estrogen receptor modulation, aromatase inhibition, and anti-angiogenesis. Genistein, daidzein and resveratrol are some of the most studied PE examples. Quality control in product manufacturing and clinical study design is a critical issue in developing them as clinically effective chemopreventive agents for breast cancer.

Keywords:

Phytoestrogens, Breast cancer, Chemoprevention, Estrogen receptor modulator, Aromatase inhibitor, Genistein, Daidzein, Glycitein, Equol, Matairesinol, Secoisolariciresinol, Sesamin, Enterolactone, Enterodiol, Resveratrol, Coumestrol.



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Article Details

Volume: 12
Issue Number: 10
First Page: 1306
Last Page: 1313
Page Count: 8
DOI: 10.2174/187152012803833062
Price: $58
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